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Ruskin, John, 1819-1900

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1819-02-08 - 1900-01-20

Biography

John Ruskin (1819-1900), author, art critic, educator and social theorist of the Victorian period. Ruskin was educated primarily by his parents, John James Ruskin and Margaret Cox Ruskin, and then at Oxford University, where he received his degree in 1842. His multivolume Modern Painters (1843-1860) championed the work of J. M. W. Turner and the use of symbolism in art and was a major influence on the Pre-Raphaelite movement. The Stones of Venice (1851-1853) was an influential appreciation of Gothic art and architecture and a work of implicit social criticism. Other important writings included Unto this Last (1862); the lectures pubished as Sesame and Lilies (1865); and the pamphlet series published as Fors Clavigera (1871-1884).

Ruskin was the first Slade Professor of Fine Art at Oxford University and founded the Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art (1871) in Oxford. In the same year, he established the Guild of St. George (1871). He spent his last years in retirement, suffering several mental breakdowns, at Brantwood, a small estate in the Lake District, and died there of influenza on January 20, 1900. Ruskin's only marriage, in 1848, was to Effie Gray Ruskin Millais (1828-1897); it was annulled in July of 1854.

Found in 202 Collections and/or Records:

Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett Browning collection

 Collection
Call Number: GEN MSS 839
Abstract: The Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett Browning collection is a mixed-provenance collection of material by and related to Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Series I, Robert Browning Papers, contains a few manuscripts by him, as well as many letters, most written after 1870. Recipients include Mrs. Bayne; Isabel Jane Blagden; Moncure Conway; Charles Deschamps; Frank Hill; William Charles Macready; Felix Moscheles, and William Wetmore Story. Letters to Browning include an...
Dates: 1835-1906 1850-1889, bulk 1850-1889

Edward Burne-Jones Letters to John Ruskin

 Collection
Call Number: MSS 56
Abstract:

The collection comprises letters from Edward Burne-Jones to John Ruskin, written from 1862 to ca. 1889.

Dates: 1862-ca. 1889

Marie Corelli collection

 Collection
Call Number: GEN MSS 332
Abstract: Collection includes letters between Corelli and her publishers, George and Richard Bentley, 1885-1894, including a copy of a letter by Basil Wilberforce concerning Corelli's "Barabbas"; letters to Alexander Wedderburn, 1908-17, that discuss John Ruskin, Arthur and Joan Severn, and personal matters; letters between George Bentley, Eric Mackay, and Arthur Waugh; autograph manuscript of "The Great Secret" (published in 1920 as "The Secret Power"); and a corrected typescript by Bertha Vyver...
Dates: 1885-1947

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1855 February 6

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 55.7
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents: Rossetti accepts Heaton's commission but asks whether, if he is unable to find complementary Dante subjects for two different works, he could produce one, larger work for no more than 40 guineas. Rossetti says he has already drawn a number of small Dante subjects and is worried he might not find new inspiration from Dante for small works. Rossetti describes works in progress depicting Dante and Beatrice, saying "they would execute well ... in water colour." Rossetti remarks that he has known...
Dates: 1855 February 6

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1856 March 12

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 56.12
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents: Rossetti tells Heaton that he is happy to make any changes she wishes to her commissioned drawing (Rachel and Leah) and instructs her on how to send it back to him. Rossetti admits he received Heaton's papers from Leeds but that he hadn't wanted to reply until he had some further information regarding her commission. Rossetti explains that he is more than half way towards completing a work depicting Dante's dream of Beatrice lying dead. He mentions that Ruskin has...
Dates: 1856 March 12

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1856 March 14

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 56.13
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents: Rossetti tells Heaton that he has received the half of a £20 note. He has also received Rachel and Leah and tells Heaton he will have it framed. Rossetti admits that he does not know what works Millais is sending to the Royal Academy. He says that Ruskin has not seen his most recent work since it was about a third done as Rossetti asked Ruskin to wait to view it until it was finished. He says that he has not altered it "more than is unavoidable" and that...
Dates: 1856 March 14

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1856 April 12

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 56.23
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents: Rossetti thanks Heaton for £30 she has sent him towards her commissioned drawing(s) worth 40 or 50 guineas. He assures her that he needed the money otherwise he would not have petitioned Ruskin to ask her for an advance. Rossetti describes ideas he has for drawings, including one of the Virgin Mary in the house of St. John after the crucifixion, stating that the motto on the frame could be "A little while and ye shall not see me, and again a little while ye shall see me." He describes the...
Dates: 1856 April 12

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1856 April 22

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 56.26
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents: Rossetti tells Heaton that he delayed sending her drawing as he has not received a response from Ruskin and that he had made appointments with friends to view it. He says that the drawing's packing case is prepared and that the drawing should be ready for transportation as soon as Ruskin replies. Rossetti says he has still to decide whether to make Heaton's latest commission one or two drawings and will not know until he has finished one drawing when he will know whether to produce another....
Dates: 1856 April 22

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1856 April 23

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 56.27
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents:

"I write one word to say that the drawing has gone to Oxford to Mr. Ruskin, though I am not sure it will be in time to catch him. In either case, I have arranged that it shall be sent back to me almost immediately."

Dates: 1856 April 23

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1856 April 25

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 56.28
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents: "The drawing has been to Oxford, and is just back -- I suspect unfortunately without catching Mr. Ruskin. Will fix a day and hour most suitable to you after Monday, when you can see it. If equally pleasing to you, I would like to keep it by me a few days yet, that one or two friends may see it." In a postscript, Rossetti asks if the time Heaton choses is unsuitable for him whether he might be able to suggest another time. Rossetti tells Heaton that, although she would like to see his work,...
Dates: 1856 April 25

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1856 May 21

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 56.39
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents:

"With your leave I will keep the drawing till Saturday -- possibly over Saturday, unless you write to me to the contrary, as people are asking me to look at it. I must apologize for all this delay, but needn't trouble you to answer, unless in the negative. I have not received the other drawing from Mr. Ruskin. Still trusting to show you some progress with the St. John drawing before you leave town."

Dates: 1856 May 21

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1861 December 26

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 61.105
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents: Rossetti is saddened by the death of Mrs. Plint and asked how her children will be looked after. He asks Heaton when the children will be able to benefit from the sale of their mother's collection. Rossetti expresses his happiness that his St George was liked by Ruskin but that he would not make the sale of any of his works dependent on Ruskin's approval. Rossetti says he is offering Heaton the St George at a price "certainly below...
Dates: 1861 December 26

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1862 June 24

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 62.38
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents:

Rossetti thanks Heaton for giving him information regarding Ruskin's whereabouts, saying that he "had but a poor account of him" from Ned Jones. Rossetti says he will be happy to receive a visit from Heaton and Mrs. (Emelia?) Gurney and asks Heaton to give him a suitable time for her visit. Rossetti tells Heaton that Robert Browning was very pleased with Bethlehem Gate and says that he intends to revisit the Virgin's face in the work.

Dates: 1862 June 24

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1862 July 16

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 62.49
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents:

"I shall be very glad to see you tomorrow at 12. I have just received an extremely nice but I am sorry to say not very hopeful letter from Mr. Ruskin."

Dates: 1862 July 16

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1862 December 6

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 62.80
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents: Rossetti tells Heaton that he has sent St. George and Princess Sabra to Green and so cannot further alter it, saying that he thought it was better with the previous changes. Rossetti admits that he cannot tell Heaton exactly what Mr. Ruskin said of the piece because he can't remember Ruskin's comments except that "the picture pleased him decidedly." Rossetti promises to mention the "matter of the presentation" to his friend Mr. Rose. Rossetti is...
Dates: 1862 December 6

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1863 January 25

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 63.19
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents: Rossetti thanks Heaton for sending a pamphlet by Edmund Bates and expresses his pleasure that Bates enjoys his picture. Rossetti says he is concerned about his St John and is impatient to correct it. He admits that he made a similar mistake with another watercolor through "incautious use of red lead." Rossetti asks Heaton if she could send him the work. Rossetti is happy in his new home and says he would be glad to show Heaton his old one. He has not...
Dates: 1863 January 25

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1863 July 2

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 63.68
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents: Rossetti has received word from his Christina Rossetti that Heaton would like a copy of one of the photos Rossetti has recently taken of Ruskin. Rossetti says he will send Heaton one, once they are printed but requests that she keeps it strictly in her possession, as a matter of legality. Rossetti is a little perturbed with Heaton's Beatrice painting, as the model he has employed to sit for the work differs in appearance from Beatrice's described appearance. Rossetti asks if he can change...
Dates: 1863 July 2

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1863 July 4

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 63.70
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents: Rossetti promises Heaton that he has not forgotten her photograph of Ruskin but that he does not have one to send her at present. He tells Heaton Tuesday would be best for her to visit him, and offers a time of 5:30 pm or before 11am. Rossetti says that the Beatrice must be turned into Solomon's Bride and states that he will title the work The King's Daughter (i.e. The Beloved). Rossetti thinks that Heaton will still want the piece but,...
Dates: 1863 July 4

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1863 September 26

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 63.88
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents: Rossetti asks Heaton to loan him her drawing of Dante's Dream as he wishes to begin an oil painting on the same subject. He promises he will only ask for it once he is able to start the work immediately and will return it, along with an additional sketch, once the oil work has been started. Rossetti admits that he has not being doing much work with regards to The Beloved and that he will notify Heaton as soon as he does. Rossetti says he...
Dates: 1863 September 26

Dante Gabriel Rossetti letter to Ellen Heaton, 1864 April 19

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 64.51
Call Number: MSS 47
Scope and Contents: Rossetti tells Heaton that her Dante's dream was taken by Ruskin on the day prior to his father's death, in order for Ruskin to photograph it. He assures her that nothing has been altered in the piece. Rossetti says that he will be glad to see her when she is in London and expresses his approval of Ruskin possibly lecturing in Bradford. Rossetti still has Heaton's Bethlehem Gate and supposes that she will collect it when in London. He...
Dates: 1864 April 19