Josephson, Matthew, 1899-1978
- Existence: 1899 - 1978
Matthew Josephson, author of works on nineteenth-century French literature and twentieth-century American economic history, was born on February 15, 1899, in Brooklyn, New York. He graduated from Columbia University and married Hannah Geffen in 1920. Shortly thereafter they left New York for Paris to become part of the group of American "expatriates" there.
Initially Josephson wrote poetry, published in Galimathias (1923), and reported for various "little magazines." He became associate editor of Broom (1922-24) and contributing editor of Transition (1928-29). Josephson was also a regular contributor to the New Republic, The Nation, The New Yorker, and the Saturday Evening Post.
Josephson's first biographies were Zola and His Time (1928) and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1932). Deeply influenced by his neighbor Charles A. Beard, and the Depression, and with only one major exception, Stendhal:or the Pursuit of Happiness (1946), Josephson changed his focus of interest from literature to economic history when he published The Robber Barons in 1934. The Robber Barons was followed by many more full-length works in which Josephson served as a spokesman for many intellectuals of his generation who were dissatisfied with the social and political status quo.
Josephson wrote two memoirs, Life Among the Surrealists (1962) and, Infidel in the Temple (1967).
Hannah Josephson, librarian of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and an author in her own right, worked closely with her husband on various projects throughout their careers. In 1945 she and Malcolm Cowley edited Aragon,Poet of the Resistance. Matthew and Hannah Josephson collaborated on AlSmith: Hero of the Cities in 1969. They had two sons, Eric and Carl. Hannah died in 1976 and Matthew died March 15, 1978.
Found in 3 Collections and/or Records:
- American poetry -- 20th Century 2
- Advertising copy 1
- American literature -- 20th century 1
- Anti-communist movements -- United States 1
- Art and industry 1
- Art, Modern 1
- Authors 1
- Authors -- United States 1
- Authors -- United States -- 20th century 1
- Authors, American 1
- Authors, American -- 20th Century -- Archives 1
- Authors, Expatriate 1
- Autobiography 1
- Banks and banking -- United States 1
- Biographers 1
- Biography 1
- Broom 1
- Capitalism -- United States 1
- Civil Rights movements -- United States 1
- Communism -- United States 1 ∧ less