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Ashley W. Oughterson collection

 Collection
Call Number: Ms Coll 51

Scope and Contents

The collection contains: a small amount of correspondence; a notebook including Oughterson's account of his travel to and first days in Japan in 1945; forms for examining those exposed to the atomic bomb; clippings and articles about Oughterson; obituaries, including a biography published separately by John F. Fulton and Eugene Davidson; photographs; and articles on military medicine and the atomic and hydrogen bomb collected by Oughterson. Other photographs had previously been transferred to the Library's photograph collection.

Dates

  • 1943 - 1959

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

The materials are open for research.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The materials in the first folders 1-5 and 11-17 were found in a mezzanine office of the Historical Library that had been used by Oughterson's widow Dr. Marion Howard. Other materials were added in 2014 from the Library's Obituary Files.

Related Materials

Averill A. Liebow Collection (Ms Coll 28).

Extent

0.5 Linear Feet (1 box)

Language of Materials

English

Catalog Record

A record for this collection is available in Orbis, the Yale University Library catalog

Persistent URL

http://hdl.handle.net/10079/fa/med.ms.0051

Overview

The collection includes a small amount of correspondence; a notebook including Oughterson's account of his travel to and first days in Japan in 1945; a form for examining those exposed to the atomic bomb; clippings and articles about Oughterson; obituaries including a lengthy memoir published separately by John F. Fulton and Eugene Davidson; photographs; and articles on military medicine and the atomic and H-bomb collected by Oughterson.

Biographical / Historical

Ashley Webster Oughterson, known as “Scotty,” was born in Seneca, New York on September 28, 1895. A graduate of Harvard Medical School in 1924, after internships in Boston and New York, he served as an assistant resident under Harvey Cushing at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston. He came to Yale in 1928 as the William Harvey Cushing Memorial Fellow in the Department of Surgery, after which he was appointed to the faculty. In 1943, he became a clinical faculty member. Oughterson's wife, Dr. Marion Edith Howard, was a member of the Department of Internal Medicine. During World War II, Oughterson first served with the Yale 39th General Hospital in New Zealand, and was then appointed chief surgical consultant to the American forces in the Pacific under General MacArthur. In 1945 he became Chairman of the Joint Commission for the Investigation of the Effects of the Atomic Bomb in Japan. As a clinician and researcher, he focused on the diagnosis of cancer and surgical treatment. In 1946, Oughterson became executive vice-president of the American Cancer Society. After visiting South America in 1955, he persuaded the Rockefeller Foundation to establish a program to aid medical education in Colombia. He was made a consultant to the Rockefeller Foundation and moved with his wife to Cali, Colombia. While in the process of visiting medical centers in Colombia, he died in a plane crash on November 18, 1956. Oughterson co-edited with Shields Warren, Medical Effects of the Atomic Bomb in Japan (1956). An active member of the Associates of the Yale Medical Library, he collected materials on founding Yale surgeon Nathan Smith for a possible biography.
Title
Ashley W. Oughterson collection
Status
Under Revision
Author
Toby A. Appel
Date
2014
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Part of the Medical Historical Library, Harvey Cushing / John Hay Whitney Medical Library Repository

Contact:
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