Ashley W. Oughterson collection
Scope and Contents
The collection contains: a small amount of correspondence; a notebook including Oughterson's account of his travel to and first days in Japan in 1945; forms for examining those exposed to the atomic bomb; clippings and articles about Oughterson; obituaries, including a biography published separately by John F. Fulton and Eugene Davidson; photographs; and articles on military medicine and the atomic and hydrogen bomb collected by Oughterson. Other photographs had previously been transferred to the Library's photograph collection.
- 1943 - 1959
Conditions Governing Access
The materials are open for research.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The materials in the first folders 1-5 and 11-17 were found in a mezzanine office of the Historical Library that had been used by Oughterson's widow Dr. Marion Howard. Other materials were added in 2014 from the Library's Obituary Files.
0.5 Linear Feet (1 box)
Language of Materials
The collection includes a small amount of correspondence; a notebook including Oughterson's account of his travel to and first days in Japan in 1945; a form for examining those exposed to the atomic bomb; clippings and articles about Oughterson; obituaries including a lengthy memoir published separately by John F. Fulton and Eugene Davidson; photographs; and articles on military medicine and the atomic and H-bomb collected by Oughterson.
Biographical / Historical
Ashley Webster Oughterson, known as “Scotty,” was born in Seneca, New York on September 28, 1895. A graduate of Harvard Medical School in 1924, after internships in Boston and New York, he served as an assistant resident under Harvey Cushing at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston. He came to Yale in 1928 as the William Harvey Cushing Memorial Fellow in the Department of Surgery, after which he was appointed to the faculty. In 1943, he became a clinical faculty member. Oughterson's wife, Dr. Marion Edith Howard, was a member of the Department of Internal Medicine. During World War II, Oughterson first served with the Yale 39th General Hospital in New Zealand, and was then appointed chief surgical consultant to the American forces in the Pacific under General MacArthur. In 1945 he became Chairman of the Joint Commission for the Investigation of the Effects of the Atomic Bomb in Japan. As a clinician and researcher, he focused on the diagnosis of cancer and surgical treatment. In 1946, Oughterson became executive vice-president of the American Cancer Society. After visiting South America in 1955, he persuaded the Rockefeller Foundation to establish a program to aid medical education in Colombia. He was made a consultant to the Rockefeller Foundation and moved with his wife to Cali, Colombia. While in the process of visiting medical centers in Colombia, he died in a plane crash on November 18, 1956. Oughterson co-edited with Shields Warren, Medical Effects of the Atomic Bomb in Japan (1956). An active member of the Associates of the Yale Medical Library, he collected materials on founding Yale surgeon Nathan Smith for a possible biography.
- Atomic bomb -- Blast effect
- Davidson, Eugene, 1902-2002
- Fulton, John F. (John Farquhar), 1899-1960
- Medical education -- Colombia
- Medicine, Military
- Peter Bent Brigham Hospital
- Rockefeller Foundation
- Surgeons -- Connecticut
- Surgeons -- Connecticut
- United States. Joint Commission for the Investigation of the Effects of the Atomic Bomb in Japan
- World War, 1939-1945 -- Health aspects
- Yale Medical Library. Historical Library
- Yale University. Department of Surgery
- Ashley W. Oughterson collection
- Under Revision
- Toby A. Appel
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English.