Carl Van Vechten Papers
Scope and Contents
The Carl Van Vechten Papers include correspondence, writings, photographs, scrapbooks and albums, ephemera, and artwork documenting Carl Van Vechten's activities as a writer, photographer and patron of the arts. The papers date from 1866 to 1986, and include early documents and printed items collected by Van Vechten, and material about Van Vechten and Marinoff published posthumously.
- 1866 - 1986
Language of Materials
Chiefly in English; some material in French and Spanish.
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for research.
Box 176 is for research use only, and may not be duplicated.
Boxes 206-209, 213-217, 223: Restricted fragile material. For further information consult the appropriate curator.
Boxes 313-324: Restricted fragile material. Reference surrogates have been substituted in the main files with the exception of clippings relating to World War I and Edgar Saltus which were too fragile to be duplicated. For further information consult the appropriate curator.
Box 325: Restricted until 2035. For further information consult the appropriate curator.
Boxes 566-573: Restricted fragile material and not available for research. Duplicate copies of these negatives are available in the subseries "Copy Negatives on 35-millimeter Film," boxes 610-625. For further information consult the appropriate curator.
Conditions Governing Use
The Carl Van Vechten Papers is the physical property of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. For further information, consult the appropriate curator.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gift of Carl Van Vechten and Fania Marinoff, 1941-1971. Additional material acquired through gifts and purchases is noted in folder-level acquisition notes.
Organized into six series: Series I. Correspondence, 1907-1971. Series II. Writings, 1913-1966. Series III. Personal Papers, 1879-1971. Series IV. Art. Series V. Printed Material. VI. Photographs, 1845-1967.
368.3 Linear Feet (659 boxes + 12 art, 12 broadsides, and 3 broadsides oversize)
The Carl Van Vechten Papers includes correspondence, writings, photographs, scrapbooks and albums, and artwork documenting Carl Van Vechten's activities as a writer, photographer, and patron of the arts.
Carl Van Vechten (1880-1964)
Carl Van Vechten was a writer, photographer, collector, and patron of the arts. Born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, on June 17, 1880, Van Vechten developed an early interest in literature and the fine and performing arts. He attended the University of Chicago, and wrote for several Chicago newspapers before moving to New York City in 1906. Over the next five decades he established himself as a journalist, critic, novelist, photographer, and cultural icon. He wrote music, dance, and theater reviews in New York and Paris for The New York Times and The New York Press, and for magazines and journals including Trend, Vanity Fair, Crisis, New Republic, and Esquire. He authored numerous books including, Music After the Great War (1915), The Tiger in the House (1920), Peter Whiffle: His Life and Works (1922), The Blind-Bow Boy (1923), The Tattooed Countess (1924), Firecrackers (1925), Nigger Heaven (1926), Spider Boy (1928), Parties (1930), and Sacred and Profane Memories (1932), most of which were published by Alfred A. Knopf.
His 1907 marriage to Ann Snyder, a friend since his youth in Cedar Rapids, ended in divorce in 1912. On October 21, 1914 he married Fania Marinoff, an actress who had immigrated to the United States as a child from Russia. They were married for fifty years. A family inheritance received in 1927 provided Van Vechten with the means to support himself and Fania, and freed him to pursue his interests without financial constraints. During the 1920s, Van Vechten was introduced to members of the artistic and cultural movement that would become known as the Harlem Renaissance. He enjoyed frequenting the clubs, restaurants, and salons of Harlem, and he began to develop friendships among members of the Black community. His 1926 novel, Nigger Heaven, was inspired by his visits to Harlem and its residents.
Beginning in the early 1930s Van Vechten devoted much of his time to photography. In his home studio he produced hundreds of photographic portraits of his friends and acquaintances, as well as other world figures whom he photographed by invitation and by recommendations from mutual friends. He and Fania developed a large multicultural network of friends and acquaintances in New York, throughout the United States, and abroad. The Van Vechten apartment became a meeting place for established and developing writers, visual and performing artists, publishers, educators, social activists, and others. Throughout his life Van Vechten developed close friendships with women as well as intimate relationships with men.
As a collector, Van Vechten acquired important collections of books and manuscripts, particularly those relating to African-American arts and literature. In 1941, he established the James Weldon Johnson Memorial Collection of Negro Arts and Letters at Yale University, in honor of the writer and close friend who had died in 1938. In 1947, Van Vechten established the Anna Marble-Pollock Collection of Books about Cats at Yale. He also gave to Yale additional individual books and manuscripts, as well as a large group of his personal papers. He established and/or donated material to collections at other institutions including Fisk University, Howard University, the University of New Mexico, and the New York Public Library (including personal papers dating from 1833 to 1965). Carl Van Vechten died in New York City on December 22, 1964.
Fania Marinoff (1890-1971)
Fania Marinoff, was born in Odessa, Russia on March 20, 1890, and came to the United States as a child with her family in the mid-1890s. After her family settled in Boston, Fania moved with her older brothers to Denver, Colorado. She began her stage career as a child in Denver, and toured with a stock company before establishing a career in New York City. She married Carl Van Vechten in 1914. Her performance as Ariel in the tercentenary revival of The Tempest in 1916 was highly praised. On Broadway she acted in productions including Arms and the Man (1915), The Streets of New York (1931), The Pillars of Society (1931), and Antony and Cleopatra (1937). She also performed in The Skin of Our Teeth at the Westport Country Playhouse in 1948. Marinoff appeared in early films including The Unsuspected Isles (1915), The Rise of Jenny Cushing (1917), and Life’s Whirlpool (1917), and performed on radio broadcasts and various special stage performances. She performed less frequently after 1940, but maintained friendships with fellow actors, directors, and managers, with whom she corresponded throughout her life. Fania Marinoff died in Englewood, New Jersey on November 16, 1971.
This material is open for research.
As he prepared his personal papers to be sent to Yale, Van Vechten identified which material was to be made a part of the James Weldon Johnson Memorial Collection. Donald Gallup, the curator of the Yale Collection of American Literature, worked with Van Vechten and carried out his instructions as the Yale Library accessioned and conducted preliminary cataloging of the papers, which were subsequently classed as Za Van Vechten and JWJ Van Vechten. With few exceptions, Van Vechten’s vision for his papers was maintained throughout the most recent processing of the Carl Van Vechten Papers (YCAL MSS 1050) and the Carl Van Vechten Papers Relating to African American Arts and Letters (JWJ MSS 1050). No comprehensive effort was made during the processing of the papers to amend or revise distinctions made by Van Vechten or Gallup.
Former call numbers: Za Van Vechten; Uncat Za MS 126; Uncat MSS 26; Za V375 +1; Za V375 +2; Za V375+4; Uncat Za MS 532; Uncat MSS 37; Uncat MSS 1226, Uncat Za File 57; Uncat Za File 168, Uncat Za File 172; Uncat Za File 321; Uncat Za File 482; Uncat Za File 669
- Angus, Donald
- Authors -- United States -- 20th century
- Authors, American -- 20th Century
- Banks, Richard, 1929-
- Cabell, James Branch, 1879-1958
- Color slides
- Ewing, Max
- Ficke, Arthur Davison, 1883-1945
- Hergesheimer, Joseph, 1880-1954
- Hurst, Fannie, 1889-1968
- Kellner, Bruce
- Kenton, Edna, 1876-1954
- Knopf, Alfred A., 1892-1984
- Knopf, Blanche W., 1894-1966
- LGBTQ resource
- Lueders, Edward, 1923-
- Luhan, Mabel Dodge, 1879-1962
- Lutz, Mark, 1901-1969
- Marble-Pollock, Anna
- Marinoff, Fania, 1890-1971
- New York Public Library
- O'Neill, Carlotta
- Paintings (visual works)
- Perper, Leo
- Photographers -- United States
- Photographers -- United States -- 20th Century
- Photographic prints
- Pollock, Helen Channing
- Priebe, Karl J., 1914-1976
- Pringle, Aileen, 1895-1989
- Purdy, James, 1914-2009
- Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946
- Stettheimer, Florine, 1871-1944
- Taylor, Prentiss, 1907-1991
- Toklas, Alice B., 1877-1967
- Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964
- Vanderbilt, Gloria, 1924-
- Yale University
- Guide to the Carl Van Vechten Papers
- Susan Brady and Matthew Daniel Mason
- August 2017
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English.
Part of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library Repository
P. O. Box 208330
New Haven CT 06520-8330 US
121 Wall Street
New Haven, CT 06511
The Beinecke Library is open to all Yale University students and faculty, and visiting researchers whose work requires use of its special collections. You will need to bring appropriate photo ID the first time you register. Beinecke is a non-circulating, closed stack library. Paging is done by library staff during business hours. You can request collection material online at least two business days in advance of your visit, using the request links in Archives at Yale. For more information, please see Planning Your Research Visit and consult the Reading Room Policies prior to visiting the library.