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Charles F. Kindred and Sarah E. Kindred papers

Call Number: WA MSS S-3270

Scope and Contents

The Charles F Kindred and Sarah E Kindred Papers, which span from circa 1870 to 1918, document the couple's investments, individually and jointly, in Minnesota and North Dakota real estate as well as in a variety of utility companies in Brainerd, Minnesota. Although there are some documents from as early as 1874, the bulk of the collection documents business transactions from the 1880s. The collection includes correspondence, mortgages, land deeds, maps, tax bills, business ledgers, and miscellaneous papers documenting legal actions concerning the Kindred’s real estate and utility investments. A portion of these papers document Sara Kindred’s personal investments.

The utility companies documented in the papers include Brainerd Water Company; Brainerd Water and Power Company; Mississippi Water Power and Boom Company; Brainerd Dam; Brainerd Dam and Raceway; Brainerd Light and Power; Brainerd Street Railway; and Brainerd Gas Plant. A considerable portion of the papers concern the Kinderd’s model farm located near Valley City, North Dakota. The records include examples of Red Lake and Pembina Band of Chippewa Land Script receipts as well as patents for Sioux and Red Lake/Pembina lands.

The papers include materials documenting Republican Party campaign efforts in Minnesota circa 1880.


  • circa 1870-1918


Conditions Governing Access

The materials are open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

The Charles F. Kindred and Sarah E. Kindred Papers is the physical property of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. For further information, consult the appropriate curator.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchased from Michael Vinson on the Frederick W. and Carrie S. Beinecke Fund for Western Americana Fund, 2017.


Material within this collection maintains the original organization found at time of acquisition and are predominantly grouped by geographic location.


7.67 Linear Feet (15 containers)

Language of Materials


Catalog Record

A record for this collection is available in Orbis, the Yale University Library catalog

Persistent URL


The Charles F. Kindred and Sarah E. Kindred Papers, which span from circa 1870-1918, contain correspondence, mortgages, land deeds, maps, tax bills, business ledgers, printed material, legal papers, and other personal papers relating to Charles F. Kindred, Sarah E. Kindred, and their real estate dealings in Minnesota and North Dakota.

Sarah E. Kindred

Sarah E. Kindred (nee Chase) was born in Kidderminster, England in 1849. She later moved to the United States with her family, living in Chicago and Philadelphia before marrying Charles F. Kindred in 1875. The Kindreds lived on a farm located near Valley City, North Dakota in the early 1880's. Kindred was well-known for her philanthropy, particularly in Philadelphia where the couple also maintained a residence. She died from typhoid fever in 1907.

Charles F. Kindred

Charles Firman Kindred was born in Clifton, New Jersey in 1846. Charles and Sarah married on June 15, 1875 in Chicago, Illinois.

As early as 1874, Charles F. Kindred was working for the land department of the Northern Pacific Railroad in Minnesota. Later he served as assistant agent for the Great Northern Railroad. Kindred and his wife purchased considerable real estate in Minnesota and North Dakota. Their model farm, located near Valley City, North Dakota, comprised some 6,600 acres. Kindred was President of the Dakota Land Company and invested in a variety of utilities, particularly in Brainerd, Minnesota, where he maintained a home.

In 1880, Kindred resigned as assistant land commissioner of the Northern Pacific Railroad. In 1881 he was appointed assistant land commissioner for the Canadian Pacific Railroad Company. He also served as an agent for the Great Northern Railroad. Kindred was active in Republican politics at the local, state, and national levels. He opened a residence in Philadelphia in 1880 and appears to have traveled between Minnesota, North Dakota, and Philadelphia for several years. In 1888, when he became General Agent of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, he and his wife moved permanently to Philadelphia, but maintained their investments in western real estate and utilities. In 1900 Kindred purchased the Philadelphia Times, serving as President of the newspaper until it merged with The Public Ledger in 1902.

Kindred died in 1918.

Processing Information

Collections are processed to a variety of levels, depending on the work necessary to make them usable, their perceived research value, the availability of staff, competing priorities, and whether or not further accruals are expected. The library attempts to provide a basic level of preservation and access for all collections as they are acquired, and does more extensive processing of higher priority collections as time and resources permit.

This collection received a basic level of processing, including rehousing and minimal organization.

Information included in the Description of Papers note and Collection Contents section is drawn from information supplied with the collection and from an initial survey of the contents. Folder titles appearing in the contents list below are often based on those provided by the creator or previous custodian. Titles have not been verified against the contents of the folders in all cases. Otherwise, folder titles are supplied by staff during initial processing.

This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection or revisions in arrangement and description.
Guide to the Charles F. Kindred and Sarah E. Kindred Papers
By John Hodges and Rosemary K. J. Davis
February 2018
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Part of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library Repository

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Access Information

The Beinecke Library is open to all Yale University students and faculty, and visiting researchers whose work requires use of its special collections. You will need to bring appropriate photo ID the first time you register. Beinecke is a non-circulating, closed stack library. Paging is done by library staff during business hours. You can request collection material online at least two business days in advance of your visit, using the request links in Archives at Yale. For more information, please see Planning Your Research Visit and consult the Reading Room Policies prior to visiting the library.