Photographs Related to the United States Military Intelligence Service and Japanese American Soldiers in the Philippines and Japan
Scope and Contents
Photographs in the Philippines include views of the Luzon Prisoner of War Camp No. 1, including buildings, tents, and the camp cemetery, and informal portraits of identified and unidentified Japanese American soldiers and other military personnel as well as Japanese prisoners of war, including an Easter religious service.
The collection also includes a group of images related to Philippines Independence Day in Manila on July 4, 1946, which include views of Philippine President Manuel A. Roxas and United States Army General Douglas MacArthur.
Images of sites elsewhere in the Philippines include views related to a trip to the Pagsanjan Falls as well as views related to daily life including rice harvesting, salt production, a laundry, and markets. Identified building and sites include views of the general headquarters for Army Forces, Western Pacific (AFWESPAC) and the Roosevelt Club (the former Jai Alai Building) in Manila as well as views of unidentified structures that include churches, stores, and residences.
Photographs aboard ships on the Pacific Ocean in 1945-1946 includes images made aboard the United States Army troopship USS General William Weigel (AP-119) between the Seattle, Washington, and Yokohama, Japan. The collection also includes photographs of Japanese American soldiers in Seattle, Washington, before the ocean journey.
Photographs in Japan include Japanese American soldiers, other military personnel, and Japanese civilians at Camp Zama. Images of Tokyo include portraits of actresses at the studios of Toho Pictures, Inc., and sites including the former Dai-Ichi Seimei Building, which served as headquarters for Douglas MacArthur as Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers following World War II, as well as views of the Asahi Shimbun Building, the Nihon Gekijō, and the Tōkyō Takarazuka Gekijō, which was known as the Ernie Pyle Theater.
The collection includes many duplicate prints of images, which the photographer or photographic processors printed backwards. The collection includes approximately 800 unique images.
Some prints have identifying inscriptions. The arrangement of the collection is based on image analysis by the cataloger.
- Harada, Henry Hiroshi, 1920-2018 (Photographer)
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
Immediate Source of Acquisition
1379 Photographic Prints (5 binder boxes)
1379 Photographic Prints (5 binder boxes)
Language of Materials
Henry Hiroshi Harada (1920-2018)
Harada learned conservational Japanese at the War Department Language School at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, and served in the Military Intelligence Service (MIS) as a photographer at the Luzon Prisoner of War Camp No. 1 in the Philippines. The MIS was a military unit that trained soldiers in Japanese or German languages to provide translation, interpretation, and interrogation services. Members of MIS served with the United States Army, Navy, and Marine Corps, as well as with British, Australian, New Zealand, Canadian, Chinese, and Indian combat units fighting the Japanese. After combat ended, MIS members interviewed Japanese prisoners of war, served with the International Military Tribune for the Far East, and assisted in reconstruction of Japanese cities.
After World War II, Harada earned a photography degree from ArtCenter College of Design in Pasadena, California (1949); managed photographic departments for defense contractors in the South Bay of California; and taught photography at El Camino College. In June 1949, Harada married Tomiko Shinozaki (1926-2001). They had a son, Scott Harada.
This collection received a basic level of processing, including rehousing and minimal organization drawn from information supplied with the collection and from an initial survey of the contents.
- Luzon Prisoner of War Camp No. 1 (Philippines) -- Pictorial works
- Camp Zama (Japan) -- Pictorial works
- Filipinos -- Portraits
- Gelatin silver prints
- Japan -- Pictorial works
- Japanese -- Portraits
- Japanese American soldiers -- Portraits
- Japanese Americans -- Portraits
- MacArthur, Douglas, 1880-1964 -- Portraits
- Pagsanjan (Philippines) -- Pictorial works
- Philippines -- Pictorial works
- Rice -- Harvesting -- Philippines -- Pictorial works
- Salt industry and trade -- Philippines -- Pictorial works
- Seattle (Wash.) -- Pictorial works
- Tokyo (Japan) -- Pictorial works
- Washington (State) -- Pictorial works
- World War, 1939-1945 -- Japanese Americans -- Portraits
- Photographs Related to the United States Military Intelligence Service and Japanese American Soldiers in the Philippines and Japan
- In Progress
- by Matthew Daniel Mason
- June 2022
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