William E. Irwin Photographs collection
Scope and Contents
A significant portion of the collection documents American Indians, including Comanche Indians and Kiowa Indians, in the Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory, circa 1893 to 1903. These images created by William E. Irwin and his partner S. Jack Mankins that include portraits of individuals, couples, and families, as well as views of settlements and structures. The collection also includes photographs of the territories and American Indians created by William J. Lenny and William L. Sawyers, circa 1889-1891.
Other substantial portions of the collection include landscape views of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, as well as hunting parties for deer and fowl in the states, circa 1893-1945. Many of the images include members of the Irwin family or property owned by them, such as the Buck Horn Ranch near Lometa, Texas, owned by William Pinkney "Pink" Irwin. Images of Arizona also include overviews of mining operations, especially in and around Bisbee.
A small portion of the collection documents activities in northern Mexico. These images include deer and puma hunting parties in the Sierra Madre Occidental mountains and Mexican-American Border region in 1907 and 1910. Groups of images relate to the Mexican Revolution, 1910-1913, including the aftermath of the Battle of Naco in April 1913, as well as portraits of Álvaro Obregón Salido and Venustiano Carranza de la Garza. Images of other states in the American West document trips to Alaska, California, Colorado, and Yellowstone National Park.
The collection also includes portraits of the extended Irwin family and friends, as well as a small group of ephemera that documents tax receipts for land in Texas.
The collection includes different photographic presentation methods of the same image, including unmounted and mounted photographic prints, as well as cabinet photographs and photographic postcards. Many discrete images in the collection share the same inscriptions in the negative or on their versos. Additionally, photographers frequently printed images of clouds in landscape views using separate negatives.
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
Immediate Source of Acquisition
7.6 Linear Feet (14 boxes)
William E. Irwin (1871-1935)
Around 1893, Ed Irwin learned photography from J. H. Hurl in Texas, and opened a photography studio in Chickasha, Indian Territory (later Oklahoma). Around 1895, he became partners with S. Jack Mankins (1871-1910), and they operated a photography studio, Irwin & Mankins, also known as the Blue Tent Gallery, in Chickasha until 1903, as well as studios in Duncan, Indian Territory, and Richmond, Texas. In 1903, Ed probably was a partner in the Irwin-Walk Studio in Lampasas, Texas.
In July 1900, Ed married Carrie Matilda "Tillie" Allen Irwin (1878-1922). In 1904, they relocated briefly to Silver City, New Mexico, where they likely continued to own a ranch, and then to Bisbee, Arizona, where Ed operated a studio with his brothers, John and Marvin, until 1922. Marvin also operated a photography studio in Douglas, Arizona, from 1912 to 1945.
In 1922, Ed moved his studio to Douglas, Arizona, probably collaborating with Marvin, and continued to photograph until his death.
- Alaska -- Pictorial works
- Arizona -- Pictorial works
- Bisbee (Ariz.) -- Pictorial works
- California -- Pictorial works
- Carranza, Venustiano, 1859-1920 -- Pictorial works
- Colorado -- Pictorial works
- Comanche Indians -- Pictorial works
- Fowling -- West (U.S.) -- Pictorial works
- Hunting -- West (U.S.) -- Pictorial works
- Indian Territory -- Pictorial works
- Indians of North America -- Pictorial works
- Indians of North America -- Portraits
- Irwin family
- Irwin, John Allison, 1869-1942
- Irwin, Marvin Elmore, 1881-1961
- Irwin, William E., 1871-1935
- Irwin, William Pinkney, 1848-1924
- Kiowa Indians -- Pictorial works
- Lenny, William J.
- Lometa (Tex.) -- Pictorial works
- Mankins, S. Jack, 1871-1910
- Mexican-American Border Region -- Pictorial works
- Mexico -- History -- Revolution, 1910-1920 -- Pictorial works
- Mexico -- Pictorial works
- Mines and mineral resources -- Arizona -- Pictorial works
- New Mexico -- Pictorial works
- Obregón, Álvaro, 1880-1928 -- Pictorial works
- Oklahoma -- Pictorial works
- Photographic prints
- Puma hunting -- Mexico -- Pictorial works
- Sawyers, William L.
- Sierra Madre Occidental (Mexico) -- Pictorial works
- Texas -- Pictorial works
- West (U.S.) -- Pictorial works
- Yellowstone National Park -- Pictorial works
- Guide to the William E. Irwin Photograph Collection
- by Matthew Daniel Mason
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English.
Part of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library Repository
P. O. Box 208330
New Haven CT 06520-8330 US
121 Wall Street
New Haven, CT 06511
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