Samuel Langhorne Clemens Collection
Scope and Contents
The Samuel Langhorne Clemens Collection provides insight into the life and career of Clemens, American author and lecturer best known by his pseudonym Mark Twain. The collection is comprised of correspondence, writings, contracts, scrapbooks, clippings, and printed material.
The collection contains drafts, research notes, printed versions, and contracts, which document Clemens' creative process and writing career. Autograph manuscripts can be found in the collection for The Gilded Age, My Debut as a Literary Person, Clemens' translation of Der Struwwelpeter into English, and A Tramp Abroad. Very few of Clemens' autograph manuscripts represent the entirety of a work; due to his popularity among collectors many of his manuscripts were divided and gifted or sold separately. As the collection illustrates, Clemens was deeply concerned with his intellectual property rights, as can be seen in his contracts with publishers and efforts to obtain passage of an international copyright law. Original illustrations for Puddn'head Wilson and A Tramp Abroad can also be found in the collection.
Correspondence with various authors and publishers, including the American Publishing Company, Elisha Bliss, Richard Watson Gilder, Annie Trumbull Slosson, and Joseph Hopkins Twichell, also shed light into Clemens' professional life. Much of the correspondence was removed from printed material. The collection also contains correspondence of collectors Willard Samuel Morse and Walter Francis Frear.
Clemens' celebrity status is evident in a number of items in the collection, such as autographs, a collection of "Some Finger Prints of Mark Twain, Frederic Remington, Joseph Jefferson, and Others," souvenir menus for dinners held in his honor, a bas relief of Clemens and George Cable, and blueprints for a plaque placed on the home where Clemens lived while residing in London, England.
- 1860 - 1980
Conditions Governing Access
The materials are open for research.
Opalotype portraits in box 34: Restricted material. May not be seen without the permission of the appropriate curator.
Conditions Governing Use
The Samuel Langhorne Clemens Collection is the physical property of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. For further information, consult the appropriate curator.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Acquired primarily through gift from Walter Francis Frear and Emma Dillingham Frear, 1942. For more information consult the appropriate curator.
Organized into four series: I. Correspondence, 1860-1980. II. Writings, 1870-1968. III. Other Papers, 1872-1960. IV. Artwork and Objects, 1877-1912.
9.59 Linear Feet ((29 boxes) + 3 art, 2 broadside)
Language of Materials
Samuel Langhorne Clemens (1835-1910)
Samuel Langhorne Clemens, who wrote under the pseudonym Mark Twain, was an author and lecturer.
Willard S. Morse (1856-1935)
Willard Samuel Morse, metallurgist and collector.
Walter Francis Frear (1863-1948)
Walter Francis Frear (Yale University, 1885, and Yale Law School, 1890), lawyer, judge, Governor of Hawaii (1907-1913), and collector.
The Frears's collection is largely comprised of Willard Samuel Morse's Collection of Mark Twain.
Collections are processed to a variety of levels, depending on the work necessary to make them usable, their perceived research value, the availability of staff, competing priorities, and whether or not further accruals are expected. The library attempts to provide a basic level of preservation and access for all collections, and does more extensive processing of higher priority collections as time and resources permit.
This finding aid was produced in 2014 from a previously existing card set in the Manuscripts Catalog. All pertinent bibliographical information has been retained.
This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.
Former call number: Za Clemens.
- American Publishing Company (Hartford, Conn.)
- American literature -- 19th century
- Authors -- United States -- 20th century
- Authors and publishers -- United States
- Authors, American -- 19th century -- Archives
- Bliss, Elisha, 1822-1880
- Clemens, Samuel Langhorne, 1835-1910
- Diaries -- United States -- 20th Century
- Frear, Walter Francis, 1863-1948
- Gilder, Richard Watson, 1844-1909
- Morse, Willard S. (Willard Samuel), 1856-1935
- Novelists, American -- 19th century -- Archives
- Slosson, Annie Trumbull, 1838-1926
- Twain, Mark, 1835-1910
- Twichell, Joseph Hopkins, 1838-1918
- Guide to the Samuel Langhorne Clemens Collection
- Under Revision
- by Beinecke Staff
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English.
Part of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library Repository
P. O. Box 208330
New Haven CT 06520-8330 US
121 Wall Street
New Haven, CT 06511
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