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Jean Louis Berlandier papers

 Collection
Call Number: WA MSS S-300

Scope and Contents

The papers consist of diaries and accounts written or collected by Jean Louis Berlandier during his travels in Texas and Mexico. The papers include maps, letters, diaries, histories, and government documents containing geographical, ethnographic, and historical information about the Mexican Republic, particularly the region between the Sabine River and Sierra Madre, with extensive coverage of the areas that today comprise Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon, Coahuila, and Texas. Included in the collection are Juan Pedro Walker's diary of expeditions in 1815-1816 from Monterey into Texas, Jean Louis Berlandier's writings on Mexico, and letters from Manuel Gayasos de Lemos to William Dunbar concerning the Florida border. Other writers include Rafael Chovell, José Francisco Ruiz, and Manuel de Mier y Teran.

Dates

  • 1745 - 1860
  • Majority of material found within 1815 - 1850

Creator

Language of Materials

In Spanish, French, and English.

Conditions Governing Access

The materials are open for research.

Existence and Location of Copies

Portions available on microfilm.

Conditions Governing Use

The Jean Louis Berlandier Papers are the physical property of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. For further information, consult the appropriate curator.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchased from Henry R. Wagner, 1919; H. P. Kraus, Inc., 1986; and gift of William Reese (Yale 1977), 1993.

Arrangement

Organized into four series: I. Henry R. Wagner Berlandier Papers, 1745-1860. II. Materials Purchased from H. P. Kraus, Inc., 1826-1844. III. Material Donated by William S. Reese, circa 1850. IV. Miscellaneous Berlandier Manuscripts, 1827-1849. Series correspond to acquisitions.

Researchers should note that material within each acquisition may overlap with or relate to material found in other acquisitions. For instance, diaries from Berlandier's expeditions may be found in multiple acquisitions. In order to locate all relevant material within this collection, researchers will need to consult each acquisition described in the Collection Contents section.

Researchers should also note that similar material can be arranged differently in each acquisition, depending on how the material was organized when it was received and cataloged by the library.

Extent

6.76 Linear Feet (19 boxes + 1 broadside)

Catalog Record

A record for this collection is available in Orbis, the Yale University Library catalog

Persistent URL

https://hdl.handle.net/10079/fa/beinecke.berlandi

Overview

The papers consist of diaries and accounts written or collected by Jean Louis Berlandier, including works by Rafael Chovell, Manuel de Mier y Teran, José Francisco Ruiz, Stephen F. Austin, Juan Pedro Walker and others. The papers include maps, letters, diaries, histories, and government documents containing geographical, ethnographic, and historical information about the Mexican Republic, particularly the region between the Sabine River and Sierra Madre, with extensive coverage of the areas that today comprise Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon, Cohuila, and Texas.

Jean Louis Berlandier

Jean Louis Berlandier (circa 1805-1851), French botanist, trained under Cuvier in Paris and Auguste Pyrame de Candolle in Geneva, who sent him to Mexico in 1826 to collect botanical specimens. In 1827, he joined the Mexican Comisión de Limites, an international boundary commission between the United States and Mexico. Berlandier conducted botanical, environmental, and social surveys of the border region for the Comisión. He later settled in Matamoros, where he worked as a doctor. During 1845-1846 he worked as a hospital administrator and, after the American invasion during the Mexican War, 1846-1858, acted as interpreter for the United States Army.

Custodial History

The bulk of the material in the papers was originally part of a larger collection purchased in 1853 by Darius Nash Couch in Matamoros, Mexico, later acquired by the English firm of Bernard Quaritch and the collector Sir Thomas Phillipps. Karl Hiersemann of Leipzig purchased most of the Berlandier papers at the Phillipps auctions in 1913 and 1919, Henry R. Wagner purchased them from him, and the library purchased the papers from Wagner in 1919.

General note

Articles describing the collection and its history can be found in The Yale University Library Gazette 31(1957):130-32, 32(1958):71-76.

Processing Information

Collections are processed to a variety of levels, depending on the work necessary to make them usable, their perceived research value, the availability of staff, competing priorities, and whether or not further accruals are expected. The library attempts to provide a basic level of preservation and access for all collections, and does more extensive processing of higher priority collections as time and resources permit.

In 2015 this collection received a basic level of reorganization and some augmented description, including consolidation of former call numbers into a single call number: WA MSS S-300.

Information included in the Description of Papers note and Collection Contents section is drawn from legacy descriptive information created by Sir Thomas Phillipps, Henry R. Wagner, Thomas W. Streeter, and the Library. Some titles have been supplied by staff during processing. Catalog numbers created by Phillipps have been noted for the items, where possible. The Phillipps numbers were published in Phillipps' catalog of his collection and in auction catalogs; they are also present on the items for which they are noted.

This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for revisions in arrangement and description.

Former call numbers: WA MSS S-300-325, WA MSS S-328, Uncat WA MS 56, Uncat WA MS 178, and Uncat WA MS File Berlandier.
Title
Guide to the Jean Louis Berlandier Papers
Author
by Beinecke staff
Date
1996-2007
Description rules
Beinecke Manuscript Unit Archival Processing Manual
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Part of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library Repository

Contact:
P. O. Box 208330
New Haven CT 06520-8330 US
(203) 432-2977

Location

121 Wall Street
New Haven, CT 06511

Opening Hours

Access Information

The Beinecke Library is open to all Yale University students and faculty, and visiting researchers whose work requires use of its special collections. You will need to bring appropriate photo ID the first time you register. Beinecke is a non-circulating, closed stack library. Paging is done by library staff during business hours. You can request collection material online at least two business days in advance of your visit, using the request links in Archives at Yale. For more information, please see Planning Your Research Visit and consult the Reading Room Policies prior to visiting the library.