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Series Part IV, II: Speeches, Statements and Writings, 1953-1958

Call Number: MS 628, Series Part IV, II

Scope and Contents

Part IV, Series II. consists of Bowles' speeches, statements, and writings during this time. The series is divided into three sub-series:

1) Speeches and Statements.

2) Writings (excluding books)

3) Books

1) Speeches and Statements: speeches, interviews, radio and television appearances, press conferences, and testimony before congressional committees, arranged chronologically by date of delivery. Undated items are filed at the end. For any particular speech, a folder may contain drafts, outlines, notes, the reading copy and printed copies. In addition there may be recordings of some speeches. See part IX for a list of these audio tapes, video tapes, movies, and discs. This sub-series does not represent all speeches Bowles made during this period, since he spoke extemporaneously on many occasions. The researcher interested in a more complete outline of Bowles' speaking engagements should see the correspondence with the Foreign Policy Association, National Concert and Artists Corporation, and the Connecticut Democratic State Central Committee; all these groups arranged speaking engagements for him. One should also see the schedules and appointment books in Part IV, Series IV.

2) Writings (excluding books): articles, proposed articles, and letters to the editor, arranged chronologically (undated items are filed at the end), with, published items filed by date of appearance, and proposed items filed by approximate date of writing. A folder for a particular article might contain outlines, notes, drafts, printed copies, and reprints. Researchers should check the correspondence under the name of the magazine or newspaper for information about the publication of a particular article. Additional writings in the form of columns used for publicity in the Bowles campaign for Congress will be found in Part IV, Series III.

3) Books: During this period Bowles wrote five books. Bowles' first book after his return from India wasAmbassador 's Report. Bowles wrote up preliminary notes which he sent on to Harris Wofford and Abram Chayes, who then wrote first drafts. The work progressed rapidly, with the final manuscript being sent to the printers in the fall of 1953. This section contains preliminary notes, drafts arranged by chapter, the complete manuscript as sent to the printer, some galleys with revisions, and reviews. There is also a copy of the printed book kept with the papers. Since Bowles based this book on his experiences in India, the background material is in the files for Part III. Other important memoranda updating Bowles on various Indian programs since his departure will be found in the general correspondence under Evelyn Hersey, Jean Joyce, Edward Logue, and Bernard Loshbough. For specific details on the structuring and printing of the book see the correspondence of Chayes, Wofford, Harper and Brothers, and Bowles' literary agent, George Bye. There were also foreign editions ofAmbassador's Report.For correspondence on the British edition see correspondence with Victor Gollancz, Ltd.

Bowles, had ideas for his second book,New Dimensions of Peace, at the same time that he was working onAmbassador's Report, and at one point, considered combining all his ideas in one book. The section onNew Dimensions of Peaceincluded the preliminary notes, and outlines which date ca. 1954 April - June. Real work started on the book in September, 1954, when Bowles enlisted the aid of Thomas. L. Hughes and, later, Abram Chayes and Harris Wofford. During the winter, Bowles travelled to Africa and India leaving much of the preliminary drafting to his aides. It is important to look at the correspondence of Hughes, Chayes, and Wofford to understand the development of the book since the chapters went through many revisions. In this section there is a complete first draft, followed by various section drafts, with, a complete final draft at the end. Since the chapter order changed, the section drafts are organized by their order in the printed copy. (A printed copy of the book has been kept with the papers.) For comments on drafts see correspondence with Raphael R. Abramovitch, Herbert Brucker, William Henderson, Max T. Millikan, Philip E. Mosely, James G. Rogers, Jr., Walt Rostow, and Arthur Schlesinger. Jr. Reviews of the book are in this section. For information on the publication see the correspondence with Harper and Brothers for the American edition and with the Bodley Head for the British edition.

Bowles' next two books were the printed copies of lectures,Africa's Challenge to America, based on a series of three lectures given at the University of California, Berkeley, in March, 1956, andAmerican Politics in a Revolutionary Worldbased on the three Godkin lectures delivered at Harvard in April, 1956. For each there are the drafts and final copies for each lecture as well as the revisions necessary for publication. For comments on the drafts of the Berkeley lectures see correspondence with Sidney Hertzberg. There are also reviews of each book. Printed copies of these books are kept with the papers. On the publication of the books see the correspondence with the University of California Press and Harvard University Press respectively.

Ideas, People and Peace, Bowles' fifth, book, was begun in the summer of 1957 as a special feature for the 1958 Encyclopedia Britannica Book of the year. From the beginning Bowles, intended to use this piece, "The New Challenge," as the basis for a new book. The manuscripts for both "The New Challenge", andIdeas People and Peaceare included in this section, the drafts, for "The New Challenge", coming first and the revisions, involved in the publication of the book following. The drafts are arranged by section title. There are also proof sheets with pictures and reviews in this section. A printed copy of the book is kept with the papers. For information on the book format, see the correspondence with Peter T. Jones. On the publication of the book see the correspondence with Harper and Brothers.


  • 1953-1958

Physical Description

(25 boxes)

Conditions Governing Access

From the Collection: Boxes 220-223, which contain constituent correspondence, are restricted until 2035 Jan 1.

The transcript of the oral history interview with Douglas Bennet, Jr. in Box 399b is closed until the deed of gift is secured from Bennet.

Box 408, which contains restricted personal and financial papers is closed until 2025 Jan 1.

Box 409, which contains audio tapes of oral history interviews with Bowles's associates, is not open to researchers.

Original audiotapes, videotapes, and motion picture films, as well as preservation and duplicating masters, may not be played. Researchers must consult use copies, or pay for the creation of a use copy, retained by the repository, if none exist.

Language of Materials

From the Collection: English


Part of the Manuscripts and Archives Repository

Yale University Library
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New Haven CT 06520-8240 US
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Sterling Memorial Library
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New Haven, CT 06511

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