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Josephine and Antonio Bouzas papers

Call Number: MS 2112

Scope and Contents

The Josephine and Antonio Bouzas papers document the history of the Josephine and Antonio Bouzas family and their experiences during the Spanish Civil War. The collection includes photographs taken in Northern Spain in the 1930s before the start of the Spanish Civil War, as well as photographs of once the family emigrated to Manhattan, New York, in the 1940s. The collection also consists of correspondence and legal documents relating to life in Spain during the time of the Spanish Civil War, as well as an essay by Josephine and Antonio's daughter Marta on her family history and life as an immigrant in The United States. The collection also includes a scarf, made in 1939 as a souvenir for a dance given by the "Circulo Valenciano de New York" in honor of those who died fighting for the Republic, and Antonio Bouzas's maritime registration book, which documents his time in the Spanish Navy.


  • 1919 - 2019


Language of Materials

The materials are in Spanish and English.

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright is retained by Marta Barbeosch Varela for materials she has authored or otherwise produced. Copyright status for other collection materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of Marta Barbeosch Varela, 2019.


The materials are arranged alphabetically.


1.63 Linear Feet (2 boxes)

Catalog Record

A record for this collection is available in Orbis, the Yale University Library catalog

Persistent URL


The Josephine and Antonio Bouzas papers contain photographs, legal documents, and correspondence documenting the history of the Josephine and Antonio Bouzas family and their experiences during the Spanish Civil War.

Biographical / Historical

Josephine Bouzas (née Varela) was born on November 18, 1913, in Manhattan, New York. Her mother and father, Carmen Varela Garcia and Jesus Varela Lendoiro, were Spanish immigrants. Jesephine's parents owned and operated a boarding house for sailors and a billiard parlor and tavern. At a young age Josephine and her mother emigrated back to Spain; her father, having prospered in the United States, joined them in the late 1920s. They lived in the Galicia region in Northern Spain. In the 1930s, the family witnessed the civil unrest and increasing violence developing in Spain, culminating in the start of the Spanish Civil War in 1936. Josephine's father was arrested and beaten by fascist paramilitary forces. Josephine, her father, and her brother Pepe had United States passports and were therefore able to flee to the United States, where they were taken in by relatives.

Antonio Bouzas was born on April 26, 1917 in Esteiro, a coastal village in Northern Spain. At age eighteen, Antonio joined the Navy. When the Spanish Civil War broke out, Antonio fought for the Nationalists. After the Civil War, Antonio worked on fishing trawlers and cargo ships. Antonio and Josephine met in 1950 at a dance in Manhattan, New York. The couple was married and had two daughters. The family lived on West 65th Street in Manhattan and ran a local grocery store.

Guide to the Josephine and Antonio Bouzas Papers
compiled by Robert Bartels
2019 November
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Part of the Manuscripts and Archives Repository

Yale University Library
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