WYBC, Yale University, records
Scope and Contents
Conditions Governing Access
Original audiovisual materials, as well as preservation and duplicating masters, may not be played. Researchers must consult use copies, or if none exist must pay for a use copy, which is retained by the repository. Researchers wishing to obtain an additional copy for their personal use should consult Copying Services information on the Manuscripts and Archives web site.
Some records in this finding aid have been redacted, as they include student names, donor names, and other restricted data. These records will not appear in the published finding aid.
Conditions Governing Use
Immediate Source of Acquisition
46.03 Linear Feet (95 boxes)
Language of Materials
Biographical / Historical
After its split from the Daily, WOCD changed its frequency from 905 to 640 and moved its studios to 193 York Street. On March 26, 1945, Microphone, the station's newsletter, announced in its first issue the station's new call letters, WYBC (Yale Broadcasting Company). For the next couple of years, WYBC was dedicated to purchasing technical equipment and increasing its programming to include sports, musical, non-musical, dramatic, and news/political shows. On November 19, 1947, WYBC moved to its current studios in Hendrie Hall on Elm Street.
On April 16, 1948, the Yale Broadcasting Company (YBC) was incorporated in the state of Connecticut as a non-profit, tax-exempt organization. Under its Articles of Incorporation, YBC declared its intention to continue to serve the Yale student community while conforming to standard operating procedures of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the National Association of Broadcasters. At its original founding, WYBC had become a member of the Intercollegiate Broadcasting System, a professional organization that promoted college radio stations. WYBC found this organization increasingly unsatisfactory and in February 1948, with Dartmouth College Radio, formed the Ivy Network, of which all Ivy League college stations became members. The Ivy Network assisted member stations in program exchanges and other aspects of broadcasting.
During the 1950s, WYBC expanded its activities beyond programming, such as the production of a successful record album of performances by Yale singing groups from the popular live concert program, Yale Sings. Also, beginning in 1953, the station began a brief venture into television with WYBC-TV, the nation's first student owned and operated station. Shows were aired simultaneously on the radio and television and included lectures from notable Yale professors, dramatic and musical performances by Yale students, a panel show, and an interview program. WYBC-TV ended broadcasting in 1955 due to problems with WYBC's radio cables. During 1954, WYBC broadcast the Yale-Harvard football game to 53 Yale clubs across the country. The next year, WYBC nationally broadcast Yale football games against Army, Princeton, and Harvard.
Another effort to expand station operations was the creation of WYBC-A (AM 540), a companion closed-circuit station, in 1955. WYBC-A was plagued by problems and operated for only two months. In early 1957, new WYBC efforts resulted in the return of WYBC-A. One station broadcast thirteen hours a day and the other station broadcast twelve hours. WYBC-A existed until 1968. These dual AM stations allowed WYBC to be on the air twenty-four hours a day. On March 9, 1959, WYBC also began broadcasting from WYBC-FM (FM 94.3).
The 1960s brought greater technical development of WYBC when Yale built recording studios for the station in 1964. In 1966, WYBC-FM converted to a stereo multiplex station. The station's staff also began to change as students became attracted to the "Counterculture". This cultural shift was the basis for Gary Trudeau's Doonsbury cartoon radio station "WBBY," a laid-back, liberal college station. In 1968, a reassessment of WYBC's broader community role brought non-students into the station staff for the first time. News and political programs expanded as well as African-American programming intended to increase coverage of African-American news stories and to appeal to minority communities. During the trials of Black Panther leaders in spring of 1970, station reporters conducted live broadcasts from the New Haven Green during widespread student protests.
During the late 1970s and 1980s, WYBC fell into financial trouble due to declining student interest and lower advertising revenues. In 1992, WYBC relocated its transmitter to West Rock and hired a professional staff to increase the station's professionalism and audience size. In 1994, WYBC signed a joint sales agreement with General Broadcasting of Connecticut, Inc. to improve advertising sales and ensure WYBC's financial stability. Currently, WYBC operates FM and AM stations and broadcasts original music, news, and sports programs.
- Guide to the WYBC, Yale University, Records
- Under Revision
- compiled by Meghan Glass
- July 2003
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English.
Part of the Manuscripts and Archives Repository
Yale University Library
P.O. Box 208240
New Haven CT 06520-8240 US
(203) 432-7441 (Fax)
Sterling Memorial Library
120 High Street
New Haven, CT 06511