Rufus and S. Willard Saxton papers
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10.5 Linear Feet (25 boxes)
Biographical / Historical
Rufus Saxton was born in Greenfield, Massachusetts in 1824 and graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1849. During the Civil War he participated in the Port Royal Expedition and in May 1862, Saxton was appointed the military governor of the Department of the South. From his headquarters in Beaufort, South Carolina, he organized the first black regiment in the United States Army. In 1865 Saxton became commissioner for the Freedmen's Bureau and a year later returned to the Quartermasters Corps. He retired in 1888 and died in 1908.
Samuel Willard Saxton, 1829-1933
Samuel Willard Saxton was born in Deerfield, Massachusetts, in 1829. As an adolescent Saxton was apprenticed to a printer, and from 1845 to 1847 he lived at George Ripley's Brook Farm, where he worked on The Harbinger. When Brook Farm was dissolved he went to work in Boston, where he lived off and on for the next fifteen years.
In 1862 Saxton joined his brother General Rufus Saxton in South Carolina. During the remainder of the Civil War Saxton served as his brother's aide-de-camp. He was brevetted major in 1865. Saxton remained in South Carolina on the staff of General Robert K. Howard until 1866 when he became a civilian employee of the Freedmen's Bureau. In 1869 Saxton was appointed to a position in the office of the First Comptroller of the Treasury and eventually rose to be chief of his division. Saxton retired from the government in 1921.
In 1861 Saxton married Mary Grant. They had seven children: Edward, Fanny (d. 1869), Minnie, Mattie, Louise, Katharine, and Beth. Saxton died in 1933 at the age of 103.
- African American soldiers
- African Americans -- Education
- All Souls Church (Washington, D.C. : Unitarian)
- Alvord, John Watson, 1807-1880
- Beaufort (S.C.)
- Boston (Mass.) -- Social life and customs
- Brook Farm Phalanx (West Roxbury, Boston, Mass.)
- Burroughs, John, 1837-1921
- Civil service -- United States
- Grand Army of the Republic
- Guilford (Conn.)
- Howard, O. O. (Oliver Otis), 1830-1909
- Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. District of Columbia Commandery
- Parker, Theodore, 1810-1860
- Public officers
- Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
- Saxton, Rufus, 1824-1908
- Saxton, Samuel Willard, 1829-1933
- Scott, Robert K. (Robert Kingston), 1826-1900
- Slaves -- Emancipation
- Smalls, Robert, 1839-1915
- Southern States
- United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
- United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- African American troops
- United States -- Officials and employees
- United States. Army. South Carolina Volunteers
- United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands
- United States. Department of the Treasury -- Officials and employees
- Washington (D.C.) -- Social life and customs
- Guide to the Rufus and S. Willard Saxton Papers
- compiled by Diane E. Kaplan and William E. Brown, Jr. and staff of Manuscripts and Archives
- August 1986
- Language of description
- Finding aid written in English.
- November 2012: Finding aid revision description not supplied.