Skip to main content

Miller-Auchincloss papers

Call Number: MS 825

Scope and Contents

The Miller & Auchincloss Papers consist of two linear feet of correspondence and memoranda related to the work of law partners David Hunter Miller (1875-1954) and Gordon Auchincloss (1886-1943) as special representatives of the State Department in New York City between March 1917 and August 1918. The appointment went first to Auchincloss, but Miller took over the position shortly after 24 May 1917, when Auchincloss became assistant to the Counselor in the State Department. Miller served in various diplomatic capacities in Paris and London between October 1918 and June 1919, and then continued as representative of the State Department until he resigned the following October.

The duty of the special representative was to gather information at government request about activities with roots in the United States that might be intended to benefit Germany and her allies. Most of the inquiries had to do with transactions between American banks and those in neutral countries in Europe and South America on behalf of their respective clients. These transactions came to the attention of the government mainly through censorship of cables. There were also inquiries about shipments to neutral countries, enemy aliens in the United States, and representatives of American businesses abroad. The government officials with whom Auchincloss and Miller most often corresponded mere Leland Harrison (State Department), Frank E. Carstarphen (Office of the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York), Arthur Woods (New York City Police Commissioner), Dudley Field Malone (Collector of the Port of New York), A.B. Hoff (Naval Communication Service, Office of the Cable Censor), and William J. Flynn (Secret Service). Most of the other correspondents were lawyers or officers of banks and businesses.

The diaries of Auchincloss (1917 Mar-May) and Miller (1917 May-Jun) as special representatives of the State Department are part of the Gordon Auchincloss Papers, Manuscript Group No. 580.


  • 1917-1918


Conditions Governing Access

The materials are open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright status for collection materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.


2 Linear Feet (6 boxes)

Language of Materials


Catalog Record

A record for this collection is available in Orbis, the Yale University Library catalog

Persistent URL


Correspondence and memoranda related to the work of David Miller and Gordon Auchincloss (who were law partners) as special representatives of the State Department. Their task was to gather information about commercial and financial activities based in the United States that might benefit Germany and her allies.

Biographical / Historical

David Hunter Miller (1875-1954): lawyer; admitted to New York Bar, 1911; special assistant in the State Department, 1917; served on the Inquiry under Col. House, 1917-1918, and at the Peace Conference, 1919; active in League of Nations; editor of the Treaties, State Department, 1929; author of numerous books on history, international law, etc.

Guide to the Miller-Auchincloss Papers
Under Revision
compiled by Susan Grigg
June 1978
Description rules
Finding Aid Created In Accordance With Manuscripts And Archives Processing Manual
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Part of the Manuscripts and Archives Repository

Yale University Library
P.O. Box 208240
New Haven CT 06520-8240 US
(203) 432-1735
(203) 432-7441 (Fax)


Sterling Memorial Library
Room 147
120 High Street
New Haven, CT 06511

Opening Hours