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Jefferson Franklin Ray, Jr. papers

 Collection
Call Number: MS 1607

Scope and Contents

The Jefferson Franklin Ray, Jr. Papers consist of correspondence, professional papers, personal papers and photographs that document Ray's private life, family and career. The bulk of the collection chronicles Ray's education at Yale University and professional career as a diplomat and administrator in East Asia from 1920 to 1953. There is also documentation on other family members, including Ray's father, Jefferson Franklin Ray, Sr., who served as a missionary in Japan.

Dates

  • 1837-1990
  • Majority of material found within 1920 - 1955

Creator

Language

English

Conditions Governing Access

The materials are open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright has been transferred to Yale University for unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection. Copyright status for other collection materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of Anne C. Ray, Gerda W. Ray, Jefferson F. Ray, III, Lester A. Ray, and Louis H. Ray, 1991.

Arrangement

Arranged in four series: I. Correspondence, 1905-1990, n.d. II. Professional Papers, 1933-1973, n.d. III. Personal and Family Papers, 1837-1981, n.d. IV. Photographs, 1879-1961, n.d.

Extent

7.5 Linear Feet

Catalog Record

A record for this collection is available in Orbis, the Yale University Library catalog

Persistent URL

http://hdl.handle.net/10079/fa/mssa.ms.1607

Overview

The Jefferson Franklin Ray, Jr. Papers consist of correspondence, professional papers, personal papers and photographs that document Ray's private life, family and career. The bulk of the collection chronicles Ray's education at Yale University and professional career as a diplomat and administrator in East Asia from 1920 to 1953. There is also documentation on other family members, including Ray's father, Jefferson Franklin Ray, Sr., who served as a missionary in Japan.

Biographical / Historical

Jefferson Franklin Ray, Jr. was born in 1905 to Daisy Winston Pettus and Jefferson Franklin Ray, Sr., Baptist missionaries in Kobe, Japan. Ray was raised in Japan, but returned to the United States and attended Vanderbilt University from 1922 to 1923, before transferring to Yale University. He completed his B.A. at Yale in 1926 (Phi Beta Kappa) and studied philosophy and psychology at the Yale University School of Graduate Studies from 1926 to 1929. He worked as an investment counselor in New Haven and New York before becoming the assistant director of the Surplus Division of the Federal Commodities Association in 1934. Ray joined the staff of the New York City Employment and Resources for Emergency Relief Bureau in 1935 and was employed there for the next two years. After four more years working as an investment counselor and with the onset of World War II, Ray served as a special assistant to the American ambassador to China from 1942 to 1945, and as special staff officer to commanding generals in the United States Army in the Chinese, Burmese and Indian theaters from 1941 to 1945. In 1945, Ray became assistant lend-lease administrator and chief of the China division of the Foreign Economic Administration.

From 1945 to 1947, Ray served as director of the Far Eastern office of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) and as acting director of the China office in 1946. He supervised allocations of relief supplies and assistance to China, reorganized and directed the program, and supervised personnel during a period of Chinese social upheaval and tense United Nations policy debate. UNRRA supplies were regularly denied to Communist-controlled areas and diverted to Nationalist-governed regions. Ray and hundreds of other UNRRA employees protested this strategy and sought to deliver relief supplies and support to all Chinese, despite international objections and frequent Chinese Nationalist blockades. Ray published his authorized history, The UNRRA in China, in 1947, detailing UNRRA's ambitions and evaluating its performance. In 1948, the Communist Chinese government awarded Ray the Special Cravat of the Brilliant Star for his humanitarian service as an UNRRA director.

Over the next few years, Ray worked in various advisory and administrative capacities in Korea and other East Asian countries. He was employed by the Department of State, the Committee for the Marshall Plan, the United Nations, the U.S. Educational and Informational Survey Mission to Korea, the United States Far Eastern Commission and the Economic Cooperation Administration's Mission to Korea. Because of his associations with the Institute for Pacific Relations and Alger Hiss, his popularity with Chinese Communists and support for distributing UNRRA supplies to Communist-controlled regions of China, Ray was brought before the Economic Cooperation Administration's Review Board in 1949. Ray was found to be a loyal United States employee, but his reputation was severely damaged. From 1951 to 1953, Ray served as the chief of the Geneva Liaison Office of the United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency. After failing to secure government work commensurate with his diplomatic skills and experience, Ray found work in the United States as an investment counselor at Bache & Company, and then as a vice-president of Bayrock, an investment firm, before retiring in 1971

Ray married three times. Ray and Mary Sharretts Haamman were wed in 1934 and divorced in 1945. In 1946, Ray married Hilda Austern, a fellow UNRRA employee, who died in 1971. Later that year, Ray married Martha Henrietta Weinert, who died in 1976. J. Franklin Ray, Jr. died on February 22, 1991, in Santa Fe, New Mexico, where he had just begun a new career teaching Japanese to elementary school students. He was survived by his children: Jefferson F. Ray, III, Louis H. Ray, Lester A. Ray, Gerda W. Ray, and Anne C. Ray
Title
Guide to the Jefferson Franklin Ray, Jr. Papers
Date
July 2008
Language of description
Finding aid written in English

Repository Details

Part of the Manuscripts and Archives Repository

Contact:
Yale University Library
P.O. Box 208240
New Haven CT 06520-8240 US
(203) 432-1735
(203) 432-7441 (Fax)