The papers include the correspondence, writings, and memoirs of Celia Kamenetzky Shapiro and her husband, Boris Shapiro. Most of the papers are in Russian, with some Yiddish- and English-language material as well. Correspondence includes letters and postcards, primarily from the 1930s, to Celia and Boris Shapiro from friends and colleagues in Prague and Paris. Celia Shapiro's diaries and memoirs describe her journey to England, Germany, and the Soviet Union, with interesting observations on Jewish life in Germany in 1936. Writings about Celia Shapiro include book manuscripts and the memoirs of Boris Shapiro. There are also issues of various Soviet emigre publications, and photographs of the Shapiros and their associates. Celia Kamenetzky Shapiro, also known as Tsilia Savel'evna Shapiro and Tsili Kamenetskaia-Shapiro, was a young Russian, Jewish revolutionary associated with the populist Socialist Revolutionary party in the early years of the twentieth century. She emigrated to the United States prior to World War I. Shapiro returned to the USSR for a visit in 1936, writing about her trip in the New York Yiddish-language newspaper, .