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Baldwin and Company papers

Call Number: MS 56
Scope and Contents

Bound Papers

Included in the account books are 3 day books and 5 journals, 1818-1831, lacking a few months in several years; 4 ledgers, 1820-1832, lacking July, 1823-March, 1827; 12 cash books, 1821-1838; lacking first six months of 1836; 3 sales books, 1820-1834, lacking 1822-April, 1827, and November, 1831-November, 1832; 4 sales memoranda books, 1823-1834; 2 accounts current, 1825-1832; Also included are 6 volumes of freight lists for the Regular Line, 1825-1834; 5 receipt books, 1827-1838; 1 storage ledger and 4 storage journals, 1825-1833; 3 volumes listing notes payable and receiveable, 1824-1831; and 1 volume listing bills payable and receiveable, 1831-1835; 9 volumes containing stubs of checks drawn on the Bank of New York, 1827-1840, and 3 volumes containing stubs of checks drawn on other banks, 1821-1839, lacking 1822-1832; 3 volumes containing stubs of notes drawn, 1825-1834; 9 volumes containing; stubs of freight receipts insured, 1824-1835; 2 volumes of the freight account of the Regular Line, 1825-1835. In addition there are several miscellaneous volumes viz: a small diary of business matters kept by S. Baldwin 1821; a small book containing Otis & Baldwin's account with the Merchants' Bank, New York, 1822-1823; a similar book with S. Baldwin's account, 1823; 4 small journal memoranda (3 of Baldwin & Spooner, 1825, and 1 of Baldwin & Forbes, 1831); a books containing amounts of freight lists for vessels on Regular Line and an account of disbursements for other vessels, 1825-1827; a small ledger and cash account of money spent on portage, 1827-1830; a book containing invoices of goods sent by or to Baldwin & Forbes, 1827-1830; a small book of freight and petty cash, 1828; a book containing a list of ships despatched from Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, with cargo, destination, and shipper, 1834-1836; and a small book containing S. Baldwin's account with the American Exchange Bank, 1847-1852.


The correspondence includes 10 letter books, 1822-1831, and 33 boxes of loose letters, 1818-1841 and undated, mainly from other mercantile firms located on the eastern and southern coasts of the United States, Western Europe and the Mediterranean, the West Indies, and ports in South America from Rio de Janiero north to Panama. A large share of the letters deal with the state of the produce market and include prices current for the various places. Others relate to bills of exchange, sales of goods, invoices, orders, and other business matters. There are also some letters from and (in the last box) to the captains of various vessels. There is in addition some correspondence in the papers dealing with individual ships.

Ships' Papers

The papers relating to ships (arranged alphabetically by names of vessels) consist of 19 boxes and deal with voyages to all the ports with which the firm traded. The papers consist of bills of lading, manifests, freight lists, shipping articles, settlements of earnings, consuls' clearances, port charges, disbursements, charter parties, bills of sale, letters of instruction to captains, bills for expenses, portage bills, protests, in cases where the cargo or ship was damaged, invoices and sales of cargoes, crew's releases and wage settlements, captains' accounts with the firm and the firm's accounts with the owners of the vessels and with agents in the various ports, and insurance policies. Following is a list of the ships:

[Ships listed in inventory, boxes 35-44]

Among the partially sorted miscellaneous papers are 6 more boxes, viz: one box of bills of lading for goods shipped by or to S. Baldwin, Baldwin & Spooner, Baldwin & Forbes or Baldwin & Co., 1821-1841, on vessels not included in the above list; of notes, drafts, bonds, acceptances, 1821-1839 and cancelled checks; 1826-1831; box of bills 1818-1841; of miscellaneous papers 1818-1841, consisting of memoranda, orders, receipts, account sales trial balances, accounts current, etc.; and one box marked A, containing insurance policies for cargoes and vessels, 1827-1831, not included in the previous list of ships; regimental orders, etc., 1827-1828, of 14th regiment New York State Artillery, the Governor's Guard, in which S. Baldwin was a captain; the accounts of Thornton & Treadway, 1825-1826; papers relating to the case of Higgins and Henshaw, for which S. Baldwin was one of the arbitrators, 1828; numerous miscellaneous legal papers; the Articles of Agreement to form the Regular Line of packets between New York and Philadelphia, 1824; a memorandum for the lease of a house, 1825; an agreement for the lease of a store, 1828; a list of American vessels loaded at Messina with cargoes of lemons and oranges, 1828-1830; a list of the value of foreign coins in U. S. money; a price current of "several articles for the present use...", ca. 1822; and a copy of the constitution and by-laws of the Independent Literary Society, 1819.

Biographical information compiled by Robert Randolph Greene, 1947.

[For more information, see also Mr. Greene's essay, "The American Merchant in 1830," in box 55.]


Summary of "Diary of a voyage made in the Brig Duroc, 1830-1831" [See box 20]

Diary of a voyage made in the Brig Duroc, August 1830 - April 1831, by Charles Baldwin. The vessel had left New York in March of 1830 and gone to Gibraltar and Malaga before arriving at Rio de Janiero in August, at which point the diary commences. The voyage continued on to Trieste, Messina, Palermo, and back to New York. Also included are two pages describing the harbor and entrance procedure at Rio de Janiero, a list of duties on imports there, a description of the Royal Family of Brazil and a few notes on recent laws. Several pages are written on the quarantine regulations at Trieste, a description of the city, and an account of the weights and measures in use there. Also included are descriptions of Messina and Palermo, the weights and measures in use there, and the duties on imports.

Starting with Page 114 there follows an assortment of miscellaneous items including: Port Charges at Gibraltar, Malaga, Rio de Janiero, Trieste, Messina, Palermo, Port au Prince, Marseilles, Antwerp; a list of standard values of foreign currencies in 1821; "Remarks and useful hints relative to the Marseilles trade; Proformae for some goods purchased at Marseilles and sold at New York, 1828 and 1831; extracts from the Law of the State of New York relative to the inspection of Staves and Heading, and of Spirits; Harbor Regulations at Marseilles; an extract from a letter telling of the availability of brandies at Cette, France; Proformae of sales at Trieste and Marseilles, September to October 1831; copy of a letter from P. Eynaud, U.S. Consul at Malta, concerning the trade there, 1831; also a description of weights, measures, and duties there; Proformae of purchases at Malta, Marseilles and Cette, 1832-1833; a Rule for Compound Equations; quotations from Palermo, 1838; Statistics of importations of almonds, currants, muscatel raisins, and figs into U.S., October 1834 to September 1835; list of vessels sold at auction in New York, 1831; Statistics of importation and exportation of opium into and from U.S., October 1834 to September 1835; list of vessels on hand,1831, and those for sale or charter, with the price asked; a list of vessels chartered in New York; a description of the Grotto of Adlersberg, Garniola, Austria, written in 1833; three letters to C. T. Ralli from C. Baldwin, 1831-1832; copy of the form of a letter of Abandonment [of a vessel]; and a Table of Contents. [Several additional pages have been torn out]
Conditions Governing Access
The materials are open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection are in the public domain. There are no restrictions on use. Copyright status for other collection materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
A portion of the papers were purchased in 1940 and 1944; a portion were the gift of Charles M. Baldwin, 1937.
49 Linear Feet
Related Names
Baldwin and Company
Language of Materials