Donald Chase Downes Papers
Scope and Contents
The Donald Chase Downes Papers consist of correspondence, research and other topical files, personal papers, and writings which date primarily from Downes's life after he left the OSS. The files contain no more than scattered references to Downes's espionage work during World War II. The papers, which had been loaned to Robin Winks for his research in writing Cloak & Gown by Downes's sister-in-law Polly W. Downes, were received by the Manuscripts and Archives Department as the gift of Mrs. Downes in 1986.
The files are arranged in alphabetical order by record type. The files of correspondence in box 1 include many exchanges concerning Downes's research on Anton Dostler and the history of the doomed Ginny Mission. The correspondence also includes letters concerning Downes's efforts to return to Italy in 1955 and to his work in Beirut. Folder 12 which contains copies of some of Downes's outgoing letters at this time also includes his "promemoria" account of this effort. Boxes 2 and 3 include Downes's research material on military justice and war crimes. There is extensive documentation in these files on the Dostler case including the trial transcript and contemporary press coverage of the trial. Box 3 also contains a typescript copy of Peter Tompkins's journal from 1942 through 1944 and the manuscript for Tompkins's A Spy in Rome with Downes's editorial comments. The files also include the photographs which Tompkins intended to publish as illustrations in the book but which the publisher apparently decided not to use.* Manuscripts for Downes's books and unpublished writings fill boxes 4 and 5.
*Anyone wishing to quote from Tompkins's journal must first secure the permission of its author.
- Majority of material found within 1945 - 1979
Conditions Governing Access
Due to the physical nature of the material, box 3 of Accession 1996-M-071 must be used under staff supervision..
Conditions Governing Use
Copyright status for collection materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gift of Polly W. Downes, 1986; and Robin W. Winks, 1995.
3.75 Linear Feet (8 boxes)
Language of Materials
The papers consist of correspondence, topical files, personal papers, and manuscripts which document the life of Donald Chase Downes during the early war years and after World War II. The papers highlight Downes's literary work and his research on the case of German General Anton Dostler. Also included in the papers is a copy of Peter Tompkins's journal of his life as a spy in Rome between 1942 and 1944.
Biographical / Historical
Donald Chase Downes was born on September 30, 1903 in Catonsville, Maryland, the son of Joseph Lodowick and Effie Chase Downes. He attended Kent School, Phillips Exeter, and Yale College. He left Yale with the class of 1926 for teaching positions in Great Barrington, Massachusetts and at Cheshire Academy. He returned to Yale in 1930 and again in 1934-1935. After completing his course work, he received his B.A. from Yale in June 1935 and accepted a teaching position at a school on Cape Cod, where he lived for the next five years.
When in April 1940 Downes learned that the school was closing he decided to pursue a career in military intelligence. Downes received a reserve commission from the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) and secured a position as a teacher of English at Robert College in Turkey as cover for his espionage work. From October 1940 to March 1941 he worked for British intelligence in the Balkans, until he was ordered to return to the United States by ONI. He was then employed by the Free World Association from which position he spied on American isolationist groups for British intelligence. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor Downes joined the American OSS, first operating in Washington, D.C. and, beginning in 1943, in North Africa and then Italy and Cairo. Downes's espionage work is detailed in Robin Winks's book, Cloak & Gown. Downes returned to Washington in August 1944, his intelligence career all but ended, but returned to Italy in February 1945 as a correspondent for a news agency. Downes remained in Europe at the end of the war, traveling and writing. In 1953 Downes published his wartime memoirs, The Scarlet Thread, and the following year collaborated on a cookbook, With Gusto and Relish. In September 1955 he was permitted to return to Italy where he continued his writing and achieved public recognition as an author for his spy thriller Orders to Kill, A Red Rose for Maria, and The Easter Dinner. In 1961 he assisted his friend Peter Tompkins in revising his wartime journal for publication as A Spy in Rome. Between 1969 and 1975 Downes researched questions of military justice and the prosecution of war criminals. He studied the case of German General Anton Dostler in depth, though he never published the results of his inquiry.
Downes moved to London in 1975 and returned to California in 1980. He died on March 26, 1983.
- Guide to the Donald Chase Downes Papers
- Under Revision
- compiled by Diane E. Kaplan
- August 1988
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English.
Part of the Manuscripts and Archives Repository
Yale University Library
P.O. Box 208240
New Haven CT 06520-8240 US
(203) 432-7441 (Fax)
Sterling Memorial Library
120 High Street
New Haven, CT 06511