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Peyton Randolph Gilbert family papers

Call Number: MS 699

Scope and Contents

This small collection contains papers of the Peyton Randolph Gilbert family and of the towns of Gilead and Hebron, Connecticut. Family members include Peyton R. Gilbert's father, Samuel Gilbert (1734-1818), and mother, Deborah Gilbert, his brothers John H. Gilbert and Charles C. Gilbert, his wife, Anna Porter, and his son Edwin Randolph Gilbert (1808-1874). Also represented in the collection are Ralph P. Gilbert, Ralph D. Gilbert, Sylvester Gilbert, and others whose precise connection to Peyton R. Gilbert is unclear.

A number of the Gilberts were involved in legal and political affairs. Samuel Gilbert was chief justice of the Court of Common Pleas for Tolland County, Connecticut, for 21 years. Sylvester Gilbert was a lawyer and justice of the peace, as was Peyton R. Gilbert, while Ralph P. Gilbert, a farmer by trade, was a member of the Connecticut State Legislature in the years 1880 and 1883. As a result, although fragments of family and business correspondence of Edwin R., Ralph P., Ralph D., and Peyton R. Gilbert are in the collection along with the diaries of Ralph P. Gilbert for the years 1878-1884, the majority of the papers are of a financial and legal nature. Included are papers from the legal practices of Samuel and Peyton R. Gilbert, legal papers relating to the Gilbert family (folders 33, 38), and a collection of legal documents of Peyton R. and Ralph Gilbert and other justices of the peace of Tolland County (folders 41-44). The financial papers in the collection are largely concerned with the estates of Samuel and Peyton R. Gilbert (folders 3, 21-22), although there are also lists of taxable property of residents of Hebron (folder 40) and other miscellaneous financial papers (folders 26-32).

Other materials in the collection include papers of the Gilead School Society and of the Gilead Ecclesiastical Society, among the more interesting of which are letters from Albert W. and Nellie P. Clark, missionaries in Bohemia in 1872. There is also a small amount of correspondence belonging to Mary Hutchinson of Gilead, several sermons possibly written by Edwin R. Gilbert, an unidentified copy book, and various other miscellaneous items.


  • 1760-1905


Conditions Governing Access

The materials are open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection are in the public domain. There are no restrictions on use. Copyright status for other collection materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Acquired by purchase, 1944-1953.


1.5 Linear Feet (3 boxes)

Language of Materials


Catalog Record

A record for this collection is available in Orbis, the Yale University Library catalog

Persistent URL


Peyton R. Gilbert is the central figure in these family papers which begin with his father Samuel Gilbert, a judge in Tolland County, Connecticut. The family was based in Gilead and Hebron, Connecticut. The largest part of the papers contains legal and financial papers from the law practices of both Peyton R. and Samuel Gilbert. Also included is family correspondence, with a number of Civil War letters from David J. Gilbert as well as letters from members of the family in the West. Also in the papers are the diaries (1878-1884) of Ralph P. Gilbert and the papers of the Gilead Ecclesiastical Society, including letters from Albert W. and Nellie P. Clark who were living as missionaries in Bohemia in 1872.

Biographical / Historical


EDWIN RANDOLPH GILBERT, son of Hon. Peyton R. and Anna (Porter) Gilbert, was born in Gilead, a parish of Hebron, Conn., Feb. 10, 1808. He entered the Yale Divinity School in 1829 and completed the course in 1832. On the 3d of Oct., 1832, he was ordained over the Congregational Church in Wallingford, Conn., and retired as pastor emeritus, Jan. 1, 1874. His long pastorate was marked by great fidelity and judiciousness. He died of pneumonia at his residence in Wallingford, April 17, 1874, after an illness of eight days. The sermon preached at his funeral by the Rev. Dr. Leonard Bacon, who also preached the sermon at his ordination, is to be published. From August, 1849, until his death, Mr. Gilbert was a member of the Corporation of Yale College.

He was married, May 7, 1833, to Ann S. Langdon, of Hartford, Conn., by whom he had four children. She died Feb. 13, 1841. His second marriage was with Dorcas S., daughter of Rev. Aaron Dutton. (Y. C. 1803) of Guilford, July 26, 1842. She died July 10, 1849, having had three children. He married again, Sept. 7, 1852, Clara, daughter of William Baldwin, of New Haven, who died Aug. 19, 1864. He was again married, Oct. 16, 1865, to Henrietta M. Carrington, of Wallingford; who survives him. Two sons, one by his first and one by his second marriage, are also living, the younger of whom is a graduate of this college.

From Yale University Obituary Record.

Guide to the Peyton Randolph Gilbert Family Papers
Under Revision
compiled by Staff of Manuscripts and Archives
November 1982
Description rules
Finding Aid Created In Accordance With Manuscripts And Archives Processing Manual
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Part of the Manuscripts and Archives Repository

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