Mordecai Hillel Kroshnitz papers
Call Number: MS 2013
Scope and Contents
The papers contain between two and three thousand handwritten or typed documents including letters, poems, and drafts of articles and lectures. Most of the papers are letters sent to Kroshnitz or items he wrote when he lived in Israel after World War II, except for a few photocopies of articles he had published in Yiddish newspapers in Poland in the 1930’s. Many of the letters are from Yiddish authors and institutions around the world, including M. (Moshe) Bick, Chaim Grade, K. Fiszbin, Menke Katz, Avraham Patt, and others. The papers also include clippings and issues of periodicals with writings by Kroshnitz, reviews of his work, and source material for his work. There are notes for a lecture on humor, a speech to the International Conference on Yiddish Language and Culture, and materials for speeches and articles about Yiddish writers, notably Sholem Aleichem, Sholem Asch, Sh. (Shelomoh) Berlinski, M. (Moshe) Bick, Dr. [Shlomo?] Bickel, David Einhorn, Menke Katz, Yehoshua Monik Lederman, Mani Leib, H. Leivick, Itzik Manger, Nachman Mayzel, Mendele Mokher Sefarim, Levi Papiernikov, David Pinski, Melech Ravitch, David Rodin, Eliezer Steinbarg, Shyfra Werber, and Yehoash. In addition, there are notes for presentations about Jewish communities destroyed in the Holocaust, including the communities of Zamość and Częstochowa, Poland. Kroshnitz’s journal contains poems, various notes, the text of a speech he gave on his eightieth birthday, and a eulogy for "my friend, Menke Katz."
- Majority of material found within 1960-1990
Language of Materials
The materials are primarily in Yiddish; some materials are in Hebrew or other languages, including Polish, French, Spanish, and English.
Conditions Governing Access
The materials are open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Copyright status for collection materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Transferred from the Judaica Collection Curator, 2015.
The papers are loosely arranged without changes to the original organization despite inconsistencies. Descriptions of contents are preliminary, not comprehensive. Clippings and issues of periodicals that were in portfolios have been placed in the corresponding folders, while other clippings and periodicals are in a separate box.
1.46 Linear Feet (6 boxes)
The papers contain between two and three thousand handwritten or typed documents including letters, poems, and drafts of articles and lectures. Many of the letters are sent from Yiddish authors and institutions around the world. The papers also include clippings and issues of periodicals with writings by Kroshnitz, reviews of his work, and source material for his work.
Biographical / Historical
Mordecai Hillel Kroshnitz was a Yiddish journalist and writer who was born in Baranowice, Belarus in 1915. During World War II he escaped the Nazis and joined the Red Army. After the war he returned to Poland and was active in Zionist-Socialist organizations and causes. Kroshnitz moved to Israel with his family in 1949, where he continued his activism in Israel’s organization of trade unions, the Histadrut, and in Yiddish literary circles. Through his work and personal correspondence he maintained connections with the other writers throughout the world who created the post-war Yiddish literary scene. Kroshnitz was the author of numerous articles and four books: Eygns (1963), Natur un Mentsh (1965), Erd (1967), and Doyres (1969). He also edited two Yizkor (memorial) books: Krasnobrod (1956) and Lubṭsh un Delaṭiṭsh yizker-bukh (1971); as well as Ḥeyfe [Haifa]: yorbukh far liṭeraṭur un ḳunsṭ (1963-1969), which he co-edited together with David Rodin.
The collection received a baseline level of processing, including rehousing and minimal organization. Papers from each portfolio are placed together in one folder. Labels and annotations on original portfolios were photocopied and original portfolios were discarded. The photocopies were placed in the folder with the contents of the portfolio.
- Guide to the Mordecai Hillel Kroshnitz Papers
- compiled by Julie Cohen
- August 2015
- Language of description
- Finding aid written in English.