Scope and Contents
The collection comprises original work by Sam Smith including ink drawings, mock-ups, hand-carved wooden boats, paper model sets, and typescripts for three unpublished works: Bioscope Palace, Edward and his marvellous telescope, and Trudi, Angela and John Darme. One of these unpublished works, Bioscope Palace, illustrates Smith's interest in toy theater and silent cinema.
Also present is related correspondence, primarily between Smith and Max and Barbara Wilk. The letters cover many topics, including Smith's unpublished works and his exhibitions. Letters in the collection are from the period of ambition and recognition that Smith enjoyed in the 1970s. The tone is personal and comical and it is obvious that Smith took great care in producing the letters, as they are always hand addressed and signed with love from Sam. The collection also includes secondary material about Smith, including exhibition catalogs and magazine clippings
- Majority of material found within 1972 - 1979
Conditions Governing Access
The materials are open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
The collection is the physical property of the Yale Center for British Art. Literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. For further information, consult the Curator of Rare Books and Manuscripts.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gift of Max and Barbara Wilk.
The collection is arranged into eight series: I. Bioscope Palace; II. Edward and His Marvellous Telescope; III. Trudi, Angela and John Darme; IV. Paper Model Sets; V. Carved and Painted Wood Sculpture; VI. Exhibition Material; VII. Correspondence; and VIII. Miscellaneous
4 Linear Feet
Language of Materials
The collection comprises original work by Sam Smith including ink drawings, mock-ups, hand-carved wooden boats, paper model sets, typescripts, and correspondence.
Biographical / Historical
British artist Sam Smith is best known for his hand-carved wooden toys and sculpture. He was born on 27 July, 1908, in Southampton, England. His father, Edwin Thomas Smith, was a steamship captain and a great influence on Smith's art. Smith often depicts themes of the sea, including boats, sea side towns, mermaids, and sea captains.
Smith was educated at Victoria College, Jersey, between 1918 and 1925, and later at Bournemouth School of Art and Westminster School of Art, London, from 1926 to 1930. He aspired to become a painter, but even after one of his paintings was exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts in 1925, he did not find success. In 1933 he became an assistant at the Little Gallery in London. While at the Little Gallery, Smith began carving small wooden objects; these later transformed into wooden toys sold at the gallery. By 1935, he began to receive some critical recognition.
Smith's activity creating wooden sculpture was interrupted by World War II, during which he was sent to work as an illustrator of bridge-building manuals for GTC Redbridge Bailey Bridge Company. Smith's experience rendering technical drawings would later prove helpful in his own career as an artist and sculptor.
After 1945, and with the help of Henry Rothschild, Smith began to exhibit his work more frequently, with shows at Primavera, London, and later at the Portal and Serpentine Galleries in London. Smith's work continued to increase in popularity and he began producing on a larger scale. He soon began to supply toys to department stores, boutiques, and private collectors.
Smith's work was widely received in the United States after 1955. He achieved far greater success in the American market, where he developed a cult-like following. The more successful he became, the more expansive and ambitious were his pieces, including some large-scale wooden sculpture, paper cut-out books, and toy theaters. Smith had many dedicated patrons and promoters, including Max and Barbara Wilk, and in 1972 the Bristol City Art Gallery held his first major retrospective exhibition. The exhibition later traveled to Camden Arts Centre, London, and the Beauford Arts Centre, Devon. This exhibition was extremely successful and gave Smith the recognition in his home country that he had previously enjoyed in the United States.
Other exhibitions would follow and some are written about in his letters to Max and Barbara Wilk. In 1976, BBC2 Arena released an award-winning film, Sam Smith: Genuine England. In the early 1980s Smith had a major exhibition at The Serpentine Gallery, London. Illness followed soon thereafter, and Smith died in 1983.
- Lister, Eric. Twentieth Century British Naïve and Primitive Artists. London: Astragal Books, 1977.
- Burr, James. “An Alternative Art.” Apollo, Dec. 1980, p. 428.
- Sam Smith: Genuine England. 2003. Jessica Jewett and Jamie Ridyard. 8 Dec. 2011 http://www.sam-smith.org/
- Pasierbska, Halina. “Smith, Alan Verner [Sam] (1908-1983)” Oxford dictionary of National Biography. 2004. Oxford University Press. 8 Dec. 2011 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/93092 >
- Sam Smith: Genuine England, Arena, BBC2, 1976.
- Artists -- Great Britain
- Arts Council of Great Britain
- Begaye, Mary Frances
- Benn, Timothy, 1936-2019
- British Broadcasting Corporation
- Camden Arts Centre
- Crafts Advisory Committee
- Cut-out craft
- Ernest Benn Ltd
- Exhibition catalogs
- Farrar, Straus, and Giroux
- Graphite drawings
- Handicraft -- Great Britain
- Legal documents
- Lister, Eric
- Magazines (periodicals)
- Miniature theaters
- Models (representations)
- Paper toys -- Great Britain
- Pen and ink drawings
- Portal Gallery (London, England)
- Sachs, Judith
- Sculpture -- Great Britain
- Serpentine Gallery
- Smith, Sam, 1908-
- Toy theaters
- Toymakers -- Great Britain
- Toys -- Great Britain
- Watercolors (paintings)
- Westermann, H. C. (Horace Clifford), 1922-1981
- Wilk, Barbara
- Wilk, Max, 1920-
- Wood engravings
- Sam Smith Collection
- compiled by Sarah Welcome
- December, 2011
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English.
Part of the Yale Center for British Art, Rare Books and Manuscripts Repository
Department of Rare Books and Manuscripts
1080 Chapel Street
P. O. Box 208280
New Haven CT 06520-8280 US
1080 Chapel Street
New Haven , CT 06510