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American School Kikungshan and American School Kikungshan Association Records

Call Number: RG 164

Scope and Contents

These records document the history of a school established in 1915 for the children of Lutheran missionaries in China and the school's alumni/ae association. Because of civil unrest in China, the school was often evacuated from Jigongshan (Kikungshan), a hill resort situated north of the Yangtze River that was the favored summer resort for the foreign residents of Hankou (Hankow) (now Hankou). These records, along with records held at YDSL of the Shanghai American School and North China American School, provide an excellent picture of the lifelong influence of these schools for missionary children.

Series I includes minutes of the Board of the American School Kikungshan, financial records, and correspondence related to the management of the school.

Series II documents the life of the school through its publications - yearbooks and newsletters, as well as programs from school events and compiled information about the school's history. Of particular interest are a 1946 report by Gertrude Sovik that provides detailed information about the operations of the school and a 1994 report about the childhood experiences and health history of ASK graduates.

Series III includes material by and about the alumni/ae and faculty of ASK, including "The Rooster Crows Again: the Story of the American School Kikungshan" by Charlotte Martinson Gronseth and Gertrude Sovik, which includes a summary of the history of the school and reminiscences of alumni/ae.

Series IV documents the American School Kikungshan Association, an alumni/ae group that has an ongoing newsletter and reunions.

Series V contains Collected Materials that relate to the context of the American School Kikungshan, including Lutheran mission reports and periodicals that provide information about the history of ASK.


  • 1900-2014


Conditions Governing Access

The materials are open for research.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of the American School Kikungshan Association.


  1. I. School Organization and Management, 1926-1959
  2. II. School Life and Publications, 1921-1949
  3. III. Alumni/ae/ Faculty Records, 1900-1996
  4. IV. ASK Association Records, 1980-2014
  5. V. Collected Materials, 1921-2003


10 Linear Feet (23 boxes)

Language of Materials


Catalog Record

A record for this collection is available in Orbis, the Yale University Library catalog

Persistent URL


Reports, correspondence, photographs, and collected material document the history of the American School Kikungshan and its graduates. The American School Kikungshan was a school for missionary children established by the Lutheran missions in China. The American School Kikungshan Association is the alumni/ae association of the school.

Biographical / Historical

American School Kikungshan established on Kikungshan with Agnes Kittlesby as first principal. Predecessors included small schools set up by Hauge Synod and American Lutheran Mission
School moved to Hankou (Hankow), then evacuated to Shanghai and closed
1928 Fall
Reopened in Eric Sovik home in Shekow
1929 Spring
Returned to Kikungshan
1930 October
Fled to Lutheran Missions Home and Agency in Hankou (Hankow)
1931 January
Returned to Kikungshan
1931 February
Fled to Lutheran Missions Home and Agency in Hankou (Hankow)
1931 Fall
At Redcroft School in Guling (Kuling)
1934 Fall
Reopened at Kikungshan
1938 January
Evacuated to Cheung Chau, Hong Kong
1941 January
Evacuated to U.S.; finished school year at Luther Academy in Wahoo, Nebraska
Reopened at Sinyang
1947 December
Evacuated to Lutheran Missions Home and Agency in Hankou (Hankow)
1948 March
Evacuated to Hong Kong; opened in Ebenezer Home for Blind Girls in Pokfulam
1950 Fall
Tutorship school opened in rented house in Tao Fong Shan, Hong Kong
1951 Spring
Last high school graduation
Lillian Landahl tutored half-time, then left on furlough. No replacement found.
Six missionary mothers taught classes in their homes.
Home board authorized purchase of station wagon to transport missionary children to Kowloon schools.
The American School Kikungshan Association, an alumni/ae association, was incorporated in 1992. It was officially dissolved in 2005 as many of the graduates were no longer able to attend reunions. Since that time some ASK graduates have been involved in a new organization, China Venture Services, which seeks to foster the development of meaningful relations between the Christian community in North America and the Chinese community, especially in Henan.

Processing Information

Place names were modernized in the description, with the name originally used in the collection material or in an older version of the finding aid in parenthesis: e.g. “Beijing (Peking)” or “Benin (Dahomey)”.

Guide to the American School Kikungshan and American School Kikungshan Association Records
Compiled by Dionis Gauvin, Sarah Scherschligt, and Martha Lund Smalley
2001, 2004, 2010, 2015
Description rules
Finding Aid Prepared According To Local Divinity Library Descriptive Practices
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Part of the Yale Divinity Library Repository

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