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Hudson Family Papers

Call Number: RG 253

Scope and Contents

The Hudson Family Papers document the work of two generations of Southern Presbyterian missionaries in China and Taiwan. Letters from Waddy and Maude Hudson to his family in the U.S. provide detailed descriptions of their surroundings and mission work. The correspondence documents primarily the earlier years of the Hudsons' work in China, before 1918. There is little correspondence of the Hudson children, but George's mission work in Taiwan (Formosa) is documented by clippings and photographs. Also of interest in this collection are reports of Southern Presbyterian mission stations, hospitals, and schools in China as well as photographs of the Hudsons' evangelistic boat and tent ministries. Additional documentation of Waddy Hudson's work is available in the archives of the Independent Presbyterian Church of Savannah, Georgia held at Emory University.


  • 1885-1967


Conditions Governing Access

The materials are open for research.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of Patricia Hankins, on behalf of Annie Chapin Hudson Hankins, 2013


  1. I. Correspondence
  2. II. Writings
  3. III. Collected Material
  4. IV. Personal Items and Memorabilia
  5. V. Photographs


2 Linear Feet (5 boxes)

Language of Materials


Catalog Record

A record for this collection is available in Orbis, the Yale University Library catalog

Persistent URL


This collection documents the work of Southern Presbyterian missionaries Waddy Hampton Hudson, his wife Maude Chapin Hudson, and their son George A. Hudson, primarily in Jiaxing (Kashing), Zhejiang Province, China from 1894 to 1940. Waddy Hudson was in charge of mission accounts, trained ministers, and preached in neighboring villages, traveling from Jiaxing (Kashing) in a house boat. George Hudson worked initially in Jiaxing (Kashing) and then in Taiwan following World War II, including a tent evangelism ministry.

Biographical / Historical

Waddy Hampton Hudson was born in 1867 in Greenville, South Carolina. He graduated from Furman University in 1890 and from Princeton Theological Seminary in 1893. In December 1893, Hudson married Maude Chapin, who was born in Boston 1867. The Hudsons had seven children: George Alexander, David Venable, Eirenne Chapin, Lois Chapin, Maude Chapin, Waddy Hampton, and Annie Chapin.

Having been appointed missionaries under the Presbyterian Church, U.S., Waddy and Maude Hudson sailed for China on December 21, 1893, supported the Independent Presbyterian Church of Savannah, Georgia. They arrived in Sinchang, China in January 1894 and were engaged in language study until September 1895. With their fellow missionaries, the Hudsons established the Jiaxing (Kashing) Mission, which included missionary residences, a hospital, a church, and schools. Waddy Hudson remained in Jiaxing (Kashing) except for furloughs in the United States, until 1940, formally retiring in 1941. He died in 1960.

Waddy Hudson received honorary doctorates from Davidson College (1914) and Furman University (1922). His missionary duties included being in charge of the mission accounts, building churches, training ministers, and preaching in small towns in the Jiaxing (Kashing) area. He was the first Moderator of the Kashing Presbytery, engaged in famine relief work, and was a correspondent for the North China Daily News.

Maude Hudson supervised the hiring and training of teachers in the two schools she had established in Jiaxing (Kashing), taught a Bible study class for women, ran the household, and cared for her seven children. The family traveled by houseboat to the outlying villages for religious work. Maude left China in 1918 due to ill health and died in 1934 in Warm Springs, Georgia.

George A. Hudson, the eldest son, was born in China in 1894 and lived there, educated by his mother, until he was 16. After one year of high school in Davidson, North Carolina, he attended Davidson College for three years before transferring to the University of South Carolina and graduating in 1918 with B.A. and M.A. degrees. He received a B.D. degree from Columbia Seminary in Columbia, South Carolina and later received Th.M. and Th.D. degrees from Union Seminary, Richmond, Virginia. Hudson returned to China after graduating from seminary, also supported by the Independent Presbyterian Church of Savannah, Georgia. Following the Communist takeover in China, Hudson worked in Taiwan, primarily in tent evangelism and church extension. He conducted 129 evangelism campaigns in frontier villages and helped to organize and build more than 50 churches and chapels following the tent campaigns. Hudson retired in 1966 and died in 1982.

Processing Information

Place names were modernized in the description, with the name originally used in the collection material or in an older version of the finding aid in parenthesis: e.g. “Beijing (Peking)” or “Benin (Dahomey)”.
Guide to the Hudson Family Papers
Martha Lund Smalley
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

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