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Episcopal Churchpeople for a Free Southern Africa Records

Call Number: RG 102

Scope and Contents

While the ECFSA publications in Series V document its work throughout Southern Africa, the materials in the first four series relate primarily to the Namibian situation. The majority of the files in these series date from 1970 to 1990.

This record group provides valuable documentation of the political and religious situation in Southern Africa during the past three decades. The ECFSA newsletters and special reports, in particular, provide extensive factual information and analysis of the situation. ECFSA efforts to influence U.S. government policy toward South Africa are also documented. The extensive files relating to the Council of Churches and other church groups and organizations in Namibia provide detailed, grassroots documentation of events and situations. Since the offices of the Council of Churches in Namibia suffered an arson fire in 1986, some of the documents in these files may not be accessible elsewhere. Individual files for several African church leaders document their activities and influence.


  • 1961-1998


Conditions Governing Access

The materials are open for research.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of the ECFSA.


  1. I. Namibia Files - Council of Churches in Namibia, 1971-1990
  2. II. Namibia Files - Church Groups and Organizations, 1965-1990, n.d
  3. III. Namibia Files - Individual files. 1961-1990
  4. IV. Topical files, 1974-1990, n.d.
  5. V. Publications of ECSA/ECFSA, 1963-1998, n.d.


3.5 Linear Feet (8 boxes)

Language of Materials


Catalog Record

A record for this collection is available in Orbis, the Yale University Library catalog

Persistent URL


The records in this collection primarily document the ECFSA's work in relation to Namibia. The ECFSA has served as a link between Anglicans in Southern Africa and people in the United States by publishing a newsletter, issuing news releases, sponsoring public meetings, preparing and publishing special reports, sponsoring speaking and study tours for Southern Africans, raising funds to support education and provide relief in Southern Africa, and providing aid and counsel to visiting Southern Africans. The organization has encouraged its supporters to contact U.S. political leaders regarding crucial issues.

Biographical / Historical

Episcopal Churchmen for South Africa, an organization of Episcopal laypeople, was founded, with headquarters in New York City "to support the work and witness of the Anglican Church of the Province of South Africa, particularly as it faces the doctrine and practice of apartheid."
The international territory of Namibia, formerly known as South West Africa, was a mandate of the United Nations. In 1966 the U.N. stripped the Republic of South Africa of legal authority in the territory, but South Africa maintained de facto control over Namibia and continued to work toward annexation of the territory.
1968 Jan 25
Bishop Robert Mize was advised by South African Department of the Interior that his residence permit would expire in July 1968
1968 Sep 1
The African community of the Old Location at Windhoek, capital of Namibia, was forced to evacuate by the South African government.
1971Jun 21
World Court affirmed South Africa's presence in Namibia to be illegal and asked that the United Nations not recognize So. Africa's presence and administration
1971 Jun 30
Evangelical Lutheran Ovambo-kavango Church (ELOC) and Evangelical Lutheran Church (ELC) Bishops wrote an open letter to the Prime Minister asking South Africa to withdraw from Namibia on the basis of Human Rights violations
1971 Jul 25
Anglican Bishop Colin O'Brien Winter wrote statement in Support of ELC/ELOC letter
1971 Dec 13
General strike of African workers begun by contract laborers spread throughout country
1972 Feb
Bishop Winter and two white assistants, Father S.F. Hayes and David de Beer, received deportation orders to leave Namibia by March 4 at noon
1972 Mar 6
UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim visited So. Africa to talk to government about Namibia
1972 Apr 2
UN Security Council passed two resolutions reaffirming the occupation of Namibia as illegal and calling for conditions to enable the independence of Namibia
1975 Jun 16
Richard Wood (elected Suffragan Bishop in Damaraland after expulsion of Bishop Winter in 1972) received deportation order to leave Namibia by June 23
1975 Jun 22
Bishop-in-Exile Winter ordained Roger Key and Edward Morrow and admitted James Kauluma as a deacon in England
1975 Sep
Kauluma began studies at Union Theological Seminary, NY
ECSA filed requests under the Freedom of Information Act with eight U.S. government agencies for disclosure of their relations with the South African Bureau for State Security.
1977 May
Anglican, Lutheran, and Roman Catholic Churches made a joint statement on torture in Namibia
1977 Oct 12
Kauluma ordained as Priest in NY and elected as Bishop Suffragan following resignation of Bishop Richard Wood
1978 Jan 17
Consecration of Kauluma as Bishop Suffragan Elect, the first black Bishop in Namibia1978 JulRev. Edward Morrow, Anglican vicar general, his wife Laureen, and Rev. Heinz Hunke, provincial superior of Roman Catholic order of Mary Immaculate, received orders to leave Namibia within seven days
Council of Churches in Namibia (CCN) formed
1979 May 16
Eight So. African Security Police raided and searched CCN offices looking for "banned literature"
Reports of a death squad and death list organized by So. African government to kill prominent citizens
1980 Nov 19
Bombing of printing press of ELOC at Oniipa, Namibia, (had been previously sabotaged on May 11, 1973)
1981 Jun 18
Bombing of Anglican Mission Seminary Buildings at Odibo, Namibia
1983Feb 16
The Executive Committee of the CCN sent two open letters: one to Members of the Western Contact Group and one to the Prime Minister of the Republic of South Africa
Episcopal Churchmen for South Africa changed its name to Episcopal Churchpeople for a Free Southern Africa
1984 Mar
Anglican, ELOC, and Roman Catholic leaders helped direct a court application for the release of 37 detainees abducted by So. African Defence Forces in a raid on Angola 6 years previously
1986 Jan 23
Arson fire destroyed CCN offices
1986 Apr 29-30
CCN meeting of major political and community groups that support UN resolution 435, resulted in the Ai-gams declaration
German Evangelical Lutheran Church withdrew from CCN
CCN continued to work towards independence in conjunction with UN forces and others
1990Jan 29-30
Namibian Core-group met in Switzerland, including representatives from WCC and CCN to celebrate successful implementation of UN Resolution 435, completion of repatriation of Namibian exiles, peaceful elections, and the development of a draft for a Namibian Constitution and to discuss future needs and problems
1990 Mar 21
Namibia officially declared independent from South Africa
Guide to the Episcopal Churchpeople for a Free Southern Africa Records
Compiled by Laura C. Wood and Martha Lund Smalley
Description rules
Finding Aid Prepared According To Local Divinity Library Descriptive Practices
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

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